Every surgical procedurecan have a number of complications and so can a hip replacement surgery. It isa complex surgery and in most cases it has really positive outcome. Rarely,there are some complications and the most frequent complication after the hipreplacement surgery is blood clots in the legs.
If the blood clot stays in the leg, it is not considered to be a bigproblem. However, if the clot shifts and starts moving towards the heart andthe lungs, it can cause serious consequences. If the blood clot reaches thelungs it can lead to pulmonary embolism which is a severe condition with deadlyoutcome. Luckily this a very rare complication. Your doctor can prescribe somedrugs which will reduce the chances of blood clot formation.
Another complicationwhich can occur after the hip replacement surgery is infection. Infections arecaused by bacteria which can get into the body during the surgery. In order toprevent any kind of bacterial infection, the patient is given antibioticsbefore and after the procedure. Such safety measures have significantlydecreases the number of infections after the surgery.
In some cases theartificial hip can be infected several years after the replacement. It isusually a consequence of the bacteria which was somewhere else in the body soit is extremely important for the patient to receive the proper treatment forinfections such as the teeth, bladder or kidneys infection before the hipreplacement surgery.
The artificial hip canbecome loose after some time. This complication depends on many reasons such asthe quality of the surgery and the surgeon who performs it, quality of thepatient's bones (the connection of the artificial hip and your bone will bebetter if your bones are harder), exercising excessively, being overweight (themore you weigh the more pressure is placed on the hip), design of theartificial hip and whether the hip is cemented or not.