Every surgical procedure can have a number of complications and so can a hip replacement surgery. It is a complex surgery and in most cases it has really positive outcome. Rarely, there are some complications and the most frequent complication after the hip replacement surgery is blood clots in the legs.
If the blood clot stays in the leg, it is not considered to be a big problem. However, if the clot shifts and starts moving towards the heart and the lungs, it can cause serious consequences. If the blood clot reaches the lungs it can lead to pulmonary embolism which is a severe condition with deadly outcome. Luckily this a very rare complication. Your doctor can prescribe some drugs which will reduce the chances of blood clot formation.
Another complication which can occur after the hip replacement surgery is infection. Infections are caused by bacteria which can get into the body during the surgery. In order to prevent any kind of bacterial infection, the patient is given antibiotics before and after the procedure. Such safety measures have significantly decreases the number of infections after the surgery.
In some cases the artificial hip can be infected several years after the replacement. It is usually a consequence of the bacteria which was somewhere else in the body so it is extremely important for the patient to receive the proper treatment for infections such as the teeth, bladder or kidneys infection before the hip replacement surgery.
The artificial hip can become loose after some time. This complication depends on many reasons such as the quality of the surgery and the surgeon who performs it, quality of the patient's bones (the connection of the artificial hip and your bone will be better if your bones are harder), exercising excessively, being overweight (the more you weigh the more pressure is placed on the hip), design of the artificial hip and whether the hip is cemented or not.
The replaced hip may also be dislocated after the surgery. This happens very rarely and it is usually a consequence of weak muscles in the hip. Another rare complication is additional bone formation. This can be removed surgically or it can be treated with radiation. In some cases the patient may experience bleeding in the wound. It is important to see the doctor because sometimes the wound needs to be opened again. The patient may develop an allergy to metal or the body may reject the artificial hip. These complications occur in extremely rare cases. Some minor complications after the hip replacement surgery may include stiffness, pain, in some cases one leg can be longer then the other and allergies to some drugs.