Our body is full of bacteria,viruses and fungi, as well as other pathogens. As long as these foreign bodiesare in some normal amounts and kept under control by the immune system,there is no danger for the organism. However, when the immune system of the bodybecomes weak due to various reasons, the balance between these tiny organisms isimpaired and they cause infections in some part of the body.
When the fungi overproducethemselves in the linings of the outer part of the ear and in the ear canal, a fungal infection accompanied by the inflammation, itching and pain occurs. The medicalname for this infection is otomycosis. The infection of the outer ear ismedically named as otitis externa.
Causes of ear infection
Fungi tend to multiply in moist andwarm areas on our body since that kind of environment suits them best. The earcanal is one such areas, it is dark, moist and warm and thus, it is susceptible to thegrowth of fungi. There are several conditions thatusually contribute to the occurrence of fungal infection in ear. When theear canal is injured, it may cause the overproduction of fungi. Those peoplewho already have some skin disorders developed, like psoriasis or acne oreczema, are prone to development of fungal ear infection.
Furthermore, excessive sweating orperspiration, as well as high humidity and high temperatures, may also be responsiblefor the incidence of fungal infection in ear. It is also considered that overproductionof the fungi can be triggered by inserting many objects in the ear, likecotton swabs and fingernails. The people whose immune system isweak because they are already suffering from HIV/AIDS, or some respiratorydisease are at high risk of contracting fungal ear infection.
Symptoms of fungal ear infection
Fungal infection in the auditoryorgans causes several symptoms apart from the pain and inflammation. The mosttypical warning signs of this condition include crusty and dry skin, itchingsensation and excessive production of pus. The one with fungal ear infection mayhave severe discomfort in the ears, as well as debris that contains fungalhyphae. The sample of this debris is taken by a doctor in order to be analyzedwhen the doctor suspects that the patient suffers from fungal ear infection.
Fungal infection in the ears maycause problems with hearing and even loss of hearing. In some people, tinnitusmay occur. Tinnitus is the condition that manifests through the awkward ringing inthe ears.