The female body is specifically made to bear a child, which is why, when a girl enters puberty, each month her body prepares for the pregnancy. However, if the pregnancy is not achieved, the shedding of the uterus lining occurs, which is subsequently expelled out of the body through the vagina in the process called menstruation. It is considered that the normal age for the occurrence of first menstruation is 12 years of age and that menstruation lasts up to about 51 years of age.
Heavy bleeding during periods
However, many women have various problems with their menstrual periods. The irregularities in the menstrual cycle in the first several years are quite common since the body is developing and getting used to it, but the irregularities that appear later after the teenage years are not normal, and they are usually a result of some underlying cause. One of the irregularities of the menstruation is heavy virginal bleeding, which is likely to cause tiredness and anemia, as well as embarrassing and unpleasant accidents. Some women even avoid going out during these days and in this way, heavy bleeding during periods makes a negative impact on the everyday life.
The medical names for this condition are menorrhagia and hypermenorrhea, which may refer to the extreme vaginal bleeding expressed either in the days or in the amount of the ejected blood, or even the both. It is observed that every woman experiences this condition at some time in her life, while there are also women who constantly have heavy bleeding during menstruation. A gynecologist should be consulted when menorrhagia is present, since it may be caused by cancer or uterine fibroids. Other serious conditions that may also provoke heavy menstrual bleeding are the fallopian tubes’ inflammation and the unusual position of the womb.
The most frequent warning signs of menorrhagia are tiredness, anemia, iron deficiency, irregular menstrual periods and persistent pain in the pelvic region. Furthermore, the women with this problem may also experience heavy menstrual bleeding that contains large blood clots.
Treatment of heavy bleeding during periods
Menorrhagia treatment includes hormone therapy and taking the contraceptive pills for delaying of the menstrual periods. The birth control pills have synthetic hormones, which can control ovulation and prevent the excessive menstrual bleeding. If heavy menstrual bleeding is accompanied by anemia, the doctors recommend taking of iron supplements every day. Furthermore, the menstrual cramping can be relieved by the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen.