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Information on Warts

Warts are caused by viral infections and they are skin growths that occur on the top layer of the skin. They are caused by a certain type of virus called human papilloma virus.

Warts can be commonly characterized by the same color as the skin and they are rough to the touch. Sometimes, they can be smooth, flat and even dark in complexity as it all depends on the location of their growth. The most common types of warts are flat warts, common warts and plantar warts. Flat warts are generally small and smooth to the touch and they usually grow in large numbers.

They can occur at virtually any part of the human body. Foot warts occur at the soles of the feet and in most cases they get flattened by the pressure derived from walking. Sometimes these can be rather painful. Common warts are usually located on the hands and around the nails. They can sometimes have black dots caused by blood vessels. Warts can be passed from person to person. People get warts depending on how they were exposed to the human papilloma virus. 

Warts tend to affect damaged skin more easily and they affect people with weakened immune system more often. Warts tend to disappear on their own after a while without any particular treatment. Sometimes they can be painful so they need to be treated after all. There are numerous different methods of treatment which largely depend on the type of wart and the patient’s age. Flat warts need to be peeled by using tretinoin, salicylic acid or glycolic acid.

Foot warts are a bit difficult to treat because their bulk is below the skin surface. It can be treated using acids, cutting, electrosurgery or laser surgery. Common warts are usually treated by applying salicylic acid topically.

Another remedy that can be used for the treatment of warts is cantharidin. Burning and cryotherapy may be the appropriate treatment for adults who have warts. Another alternative method of treatment may be using bleomycin injections. Immunotherapy can be used as well. Interferon injections can be used for the treatment of warts and they are also very efficient in boosting the immune system.

Complications

Warts may affect one’s self esteem and confidence. Physical complications may include pain and irritation at the area that surrounds the warts. Sometimes the treatment may leave scars on trigger an infection. 

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