Swelling of the eyelids is nothing but accumulation of excess fluid in connective tissue of the eyelids. This problem is usually not serious and may easily withdraw on its own. Many times swollen eyelids are associated with a variety of eye conditions. Still, this problem may be a characteristic of diseases affecting distant organs such as kidney disease. So, in case swelling does not subside spontaneously, a person should undergo thorough examination which will identify the underlying cause.
Allergy and Swelling of the Lower Eyelid
In the majority of cases swelling of the lower eyelid (as well as swelling of the upper eyelid) is associated with some kind of allergy.
In women allergic reaction may be caused by some makeup and cosmetic products applied near the eyes while both genders tend to be almost equally affected by other allergies like allergy to certain plants, animals etc. It is not difficult to confirm eyelid swelling due to allergic reaction. The condition is prevented by avoiding potential allergens and treated easily.
Conjunctivitis and Swollen Lower Eyelid
Conjunctivitis affects the membrane of the eye covering the inside of the eyelids and the front portion of the eyeballs. This inflammation may be of bacterial or viral origin and in both cases is accompanied by swelling of usually both eyelids. Apart from swelling, the affected eye becomes unbearably itchy.
Stye, Chalazion and Swollen Lower Eyelid
A stye represents inflammation of the meibomian gland of the eyelid. It develops in a form of a very painful bump. The nearby skin is red and inflamed and in more severe cases even the entire eyelid becomes edematous. A stye can affect the upper or lower eyelid and is usually located near or at the very edge of the eyelid. Similar clinical characteristics are reported in case of chalazion, a blockage of meibomian glands.Sinus Infection and Swollen Lower Eyelid
Blockage of sinuses (especially blockage of the maxillary sinus) leads to accumulation of pus and inflammation of the sinus and all the surrounding tissues. This is the reason why the lower eyelid in such case may become edematous as well.
Blepharoplasty and Swollen Lower Eyelid
Blepharoplasty is a type of cosmetic procedure usually done on the upper eyelid. The surgery is, however associated with swelling of both eyelids. This excess of fluid is gradually absorbed and enters the systemic circulation, allowing the eyelids to regain their normal appearance.
Eyelid Cellulitis and Swollen Lower Eyelid
Eyelid cellulitis is a severe bacterial infection affecting all layers of the eyelids. The infection may sometimes spread onto the nearby tissues and even affect the connective tissue behind the eyeball. Prompt treatment with potent antibiotics is in such case a must. The condition can cause severe complications and blindness is only one of them.