Excess weight and obesity can cause high blood pressure in both children and adults. Parents must pay close attention to their child’s blood pressure in order to act accordingly and timely to avoid any further problems.
What Is Normal Blood Pressure for Kids?
Blood pressure in children is normally lower than in adults. Age and physical activity of a child affect the blood pressure. For the girls 1 to 4 years old normal blood pressure is anywhere from 86/40 to 91/52. Boys of the same age normally have blood pressure between 85/37 and 93/50 mm Hg.
Slightly older children (4 to 8-year-olds) should have 91/54 to 98/58 mm Hg for girls, while boys, on the other hand, normally have 93/53 to 97/59 mm Hg.
Children between 9 and 12 years of age may be expected to have the blood pressure from 100/59 to 105/62 mm Hg for girls and 100/61 to 106/62 mm Hg, for boys.
In teenagers (13 to 17 years old), blood pressure is similar to adult’s blood pressure. Girls usually have 107/63 to 111/66 mm Hg and boys from 106/62 to 118/67 mm Hg.
These are approximate values of normal blood pressure according to the age of a child. More informative and more accurate measures include the height, weight, body mass index, age and gender of a child.
Parents must be aware of normal values of the blood pressure of their child. If anything changes, or the parents suspect their child has high blood pressure, they should consult their doctor and check up their child’s condition. Early detection is very important when it comes to high blood pressure, because this way it is possible to prevent further complications and diseases.
What Can Cause High Blood Pressure in Children?
High blood pressure in children may be caused by excessive stress, even in children with normal body weight. Baby’s irritation and excess crying might also lead to high blood pressure and parents should be aware of that fact.
However, the most common cause of high blood pressure in kids is excess weight and obesity. Usually, children who don’t eat healthy food and lack some physical activities develop obesity and as a consequence suffer from hypertension. Certain problems are also known to cause high blood pressure, including heart conditions, kidney diseases, diabetes type 1 or disorders of the adrenal gland. Genetic disorders may also be responsible for the weight gain and high pulse rate, both leading to development of hypertension in kids.