One of the most important organs in the human body is the heart, and the main role of this muscle is to pump the blood and enable blood circulation throughout the body. When the blood passes through the blood vessel, it makes the pressure on the walls of the blood vessel. It is called blood pressure. When we measure out blood pressure, the apparatus shows two numbers. The upper number represents systolic blood pressure, while the lower number represents diastolic blood pressure. The normal blood pressure is considered to be 120/80 mm Hg. Systolic blood pressure is the blood pressure on the walls of the blood vessels when the heart beats, while diastolic blood pressure is the blood pressure when the heart is relaxed.
Isolated systolic hypertension is a condition when the systolic blood pressure is high, while diastolic blood pressure remains normal. Just the same, isolated diastolic hypertension is the condition when the diastolic blood pressure is high, while his corresponding systolic blood pressure remains normal.
The blood pressure can be low and high. Low blood pressure is called hypotension, while high blood pressure is called hypertension. The latter should be treated because if it is left uncontrolled, it can lead to the serious complications, such as stroke and heart attack.
High blood pressure symptoms
Hypertension can be asymptomatic and it does not have to show any symptoms at all. However, if the symptoms appear, they may include shortness of breath, fatigue, tiredness, headaches, nausea and vomiting. Since all these symptoms are very much the same as the symptoms that occurs for many other disorders, hypertension is usually called “silent killer”. High blood pressure usually appears in adults and rarely in children, although it may also happen.
There are certain conditions that can lead to the occurrence of hypertension, such as aging, obesity, stress and smoking. Furthermore, people who are used to excessive drinking of alcohol or consummation of caffeine products such as coffee and teas are also prone to developing high blood pressure.
Controlling the high blood pressure
Hypertension should be controlled and every person with this condition should change the diet and lifestyle in order to achieve this. It is very important to stop consuming, nicotine, caffeine, and alcohol. The foods rich in fats and salt should be avoided. Furthermore, regular exercises, as well as maintaining the normal body weight are also very important things. Those people with high blood pressure should regularly check up their blood pressure.