Diabetes are of 2 types in a chronic illness, formerly known as adult or non-insulin diabetes. With thiscondition your body is not producing enough insulin or it is resistant to theinsulin effects. Insulin is important substance in our bodies, because itregulates the metabolism of glucose (sugar), the all important fuel for ourcells.
The firstoption with this type of diabetes is to change your diet, eat healthy, exerciseregularly and try to keep the healthy weight. Next step, if these changes donot work properly to manage your blood sugar, the doctor would prescribe insulintherapy or diabetes medications. Diabetes is the condition that must be treatedbecause the cost may be your life.
Treatment fordiabetes type 2 can include one or more medications. Some of the drugs are inthe form of tablets and others must be injected. All medications for thisillness works in three ways: they stimulate production of insulin in pancreas, inhibitproduction and release of glucose from the liver (your body needs less insulinthat way), or the drugs may increase tissue sensitive to insulin.
There areseveral groups of diabetes medications, and you should always consult your doctorfor the drugs that will work best for you.
Saxagliptin(Onglyza) and Sitagliptin (Januvia) are taken by mouth. Side effects of these tablets include respiratory infections, sorethroat and headache, and there is a possibility of pancreas problems when usingsitagliptin. These drugs do not affect the weight.
Exenatide(Byetta) is taken by injection,two times a day. Possible problems may beweight loss, nausea, headache, dizziness, and in some cases even serious kidneyproblems.
Repaglinide(Prandin) and Nateglinide (Starlix) are taken orally, threetimes a day. Side effects are lowering of your blood sugar and weight gain.
Glipizide(Glucotrol), Glimepiride (Amaryl) and Glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase) are all medications taken by mouth, and could be combined with other diabetes medications. Low levels of bloodsugar, nausea and weight gain are the most likely side effects.
Some medicationsare known to improve the effects of insulin. Metformin (Fortamet, Glucophage,others) is one of them. It is taken by mouth, and it may worsen LDL("bad") cholesterol and triglycerides levels, cause nausea anddiarrhea and sometimes cause a increase of lactic acid. Metformin do notcause weight gain.
Rosiglitazone(Avandia) and Pioglitazone (Actos) also improveeffectiveness of insulin. Those are oral medications, and they affect both "good"(HDL) and "bad" (LDL) cholesterol. Also, they might cause swelling andweight gain, worsen heart failure and increase the risk of heart attack. Problemswith liver are rare side effects.
Acarbose (Precose) and Miglitol (Glyset) affect absorptionof the food. These are taken by mouth, three times a day. When using thesemedications it is possible to experience nausea and diarrhea, but you won’tgain any more weight.
When choosingthe best treatment for the type 2 diabetes the doctor will assist you to find theappropriate medications, to suit your specific needs. A healthy lifestyle,which include eating healthy, everyday physical activity and healthy body weight could significantly reduce the need for diabetes medications.