Since the ozone layer has been seriously depleted, more and more people start noticing age spots on their skin. This is because today people are more exposed to the sun rays than before. The top layer of human skin contains cells called melanocytes, which become damaged due to UV radiation from the sun. This leads to age spots, among other things. Fortunately, there are many different options for solving this problem and for eliminating age spots.
Laser treatment for age spots
Laser technology is today widely used both in medicine and in cosmetics. The laser treatment for removing age spots is called microdermabrasion. This treatment combines crystal technology with aluminum oxide, which is the second hardest mineral known to men. In microdermabrasion, those crystals are used to polish the skin and to remove dead skin cells, which makes the age spots much less visible.
Laser treatment for age spots is widely available in specialized offices, salons and even in spas. It is not a cheap treatment and it may require more than one session, but in most cases the results are quite satisfactory.
Home remedies for age spots
There are many ingredients and common household items that can be used to eliminate age spots. Aloe vera is one of the best and the most popular. This succulent plant has many purposes, both cosmetic and medicinal. Aloe vera gel or juice extracted straight from the leaves can be applied twice a day to the skin affected with age spots. It will heal the skin and reduce the brown spots.
Buttermilk is another great remedy for this common skin issue. Buttermilk, which is very popular in India and Middle East, is the liquid that is left over after churning cream. Lactic acid in buttermilk is very beneficial for the skin, and it is believed that frequent application of this liquid on the skin can reduce the brown age spots.
Castor oil can also be helpful, due to the presence of isostearic and succinic acid. It penetrates deep into the skin, repairing it and eliminating brown spots.
The mixture of two tablespoons of chopped onions with two tablespoons of vinegar is a great solution for age spots. It should be applied to the skin twice a day until the spots are gone.
Cosmetic treatment for age spots
Certain cosmetic products can be very effective against brown age spots, especially those containing acids derived from fruit, or those that contain lactic acid and vitamin A. Alpha hydroxy acids are derived from fruits and certain creams contain retinoids from vitamin A.
Chemical peels are yet another solution. There are peels that can be done at home, although it is always much better to have them done by a dermatologist. Those peels are usually based on trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and glycolic acid.