Cervical cancer can be devastating in its effects. Many women live in fear of its onset, and the emotional consequences of contracting the condition can be terrible. Women need to have themselves examined if they suspect cancer has begun. This should be undertaken at the soonest possible moment. Early diagnosis can be of great help, and the longer you put off being examined, the higher the risk becomes. Awareness is also vital, particularly with regard to cervical cancer. The cervix
The cervix is the lower part of the womb. The purpose of this part of a woman’s body is to ensure the normality of a pregnancy. For those who are not pregnant, the cervix thus has no important function. Cancer that affects this area is the sixth most common form of cancer in females. Thus, it is extremely important for a woman to undergo cervical smear tests as regularly as possible.
This type of test is carried out in order to identify and recognize and negative changes in the makeup of our cells. It can take a long time for these changes to occur, even after administration of the test. It is important to note that not all tests that point to abnormal results will lead to the onset of cervical cancer. Rather, cervical smear tests are necessary in order to ensure the early identification of any potential for cancerous development that might be present in the cervix. This can help greatly with the prevention of the development of the disease, particularly since early detection is one of the strongest weapons in the fight against cancer.
Two types of cervical cancer exist: squamous cell cancer and aden-ocarcinoma. Cervical smear tests will help with the detection of the cell changes that lead to these types of cancer. In the early stages, these cancers can be treated through the use of radiotherapy and surgery.
The causes of cervical cancer are said to lie mainly in viral infection and the smoking of cigarettes. Smoking is a serious health risk and should be avoided because of the higher rates of all types of cancer that it can cause. Changes in the cells in the cervix do not generally result in visible symptoms. This can make it difficult to diagnose the problem. A biopsy may be necessary in order to complete the final, exact diagnosis.
Treatment will depend on the severity of the disease and the extent to which it has spread. For some, a hysterectomy might be necessary in order to complete the treatment. A specialized gynaecologist will be required to perform this surgical operation. Another option for treatment is radiotherapy. This kind of therapy will destroy the tumor cells not visible to the gynaecologist.