Yeast infection, also known as thrush, candidiasis or Candida infection is caused by Candida albicans overgrowth. Candida albicans is a fungus that normally lives on the human skin; in moisture areas like the mouth, rectum, vagina gastrointestinal tract, underarms and between toes. The infection occurs when the fungus under certain circumstances outnumber normal protective bacteria. Candidiasis can develop anywhere but it is most commonly seen in genital area. Vagina, being warm and moist, is particularly appropriate environment for Candida albicans growth. Vaginal yeast infection or vaginal candidiasis is very common and affects approximately 70% to 80% of women at some point in their life. Men can also suffer from genital yeast infection after sexual intercourse with an infected partner. Cause for yeast infection in women can be pregnancy, oral contraception, menstruation, diabetes mellitus and menopause. Steroids, antibiotics, hepatitis B and cancer treatment can also increase the risk of developing candidiasis. Recurring candidasis can indicate HIV infection. Symptoms of vaginal yeast infection are itching and burning in vaginal area, soreness, pain during intercourse, painful urination and thick, whitish, odorless vaginal discharge.
Treatment for Yeast Infection
There are various treatments available for yeast infection. Generally, doctors treat candidiasis with prescription and over-the-counter anti fungal drugs and creams. Vaginal yeast infection can be also treated with vaginal suppositories and medicated douches. Symptoms of yeast infection can be also relieved with certain yeast infection home remedies. To prevent developing the infection it is recommended to avoid wearing tight and wet clothes for longer period of time. Anti fungal creams that are commonly used for treatment of yeast infection include nystatin, clotrimazole, ketocanozole, fluconazole. Suppositories that are usually given for treating symptoms of yeast infection include miconazole, tioconazole, butoconazole, clotrimazole, itraconazole and econazole. Suppositories should be applied or inserted on genitals for at least three days to become effective. However, in case there is no relief after that period of time, a patient should seek medical help.
Natural Remedies for Yeast Infection
Yeast infection can be successfully treated with natural remedies as well. Vaginal yeast infection can be treated with Acidophilus diet that includes curd, yogurt and probiotics. Tampon can be dipped into yogurt and inserted into vagina for treatment of vaginal yeast infection. Symptoms of candidiasis can be also relieved with teatree oil when applied to affected area of the body. Garlic is also excellent home remedy for yeast infection due to its anti-fungal properties and it can be used both internally and externally. Garlic suppositories successfully deal with vaginal yeast infection. Apple cider vinegar is another natural cure for yeast infection that can relieve the irritation.