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Information on Hydrochlorothiazide

Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic type of drugs which comes from the class of thiazides and its main purpose is to inhibit the kidneys’ ability of retaining water. It is very beneficial in lowering the peripheral vascular resistance and reducing the volume of blood. It can be purchased as a generic type of drug or it can be purchased under certain brand names. It is commonly combined with certain other medicaments for the treatment of hypertension. Another important fact about this type of medication is that it is very efficient in preventing the human body from taking in excessive amounts of salt which may lead to fluid retention. Medical conditions which are mostly treated with hydrochlorothiazide include kidney stones, symptomatic edema, congestive heart failure and hypertension. There are also certain other less known medical conditions which can also be treated with this type of medicament. Those who suffer from osteoporosis and hypokalemia may also find hydrochlorothiazide to be of great help for their medical conditions.

Side Effects of Hydrochlorothiazide

Higher dosage of this type of medicament may be affiliated with certain metabolic types of side effects. The most common side effects may or may not include changes in the levels of cholesterol in the blood, increased levels of sugar in the blood, increased levels of calcium in the blood, low levels of magnesium in the blood, alkalosis, low levels of sodium in the body fluids and low levels of potassium in the blood. Certain side effects such as confusion, dazed feelings, drowsiness, dizziness and sometimes even cerebrovascular insufficiency may affect the nervous system of the patient. Some patients may also experience certain side effects which affect the gastrointestinal system. Such side effects may or may not include extreme painful sensations in the abdomen, inflammatory conditions of the gallbladder, nausea and pancreatit is. Certain patients treated with hydrochlorothiazide have experience severe allergic reactions which may or may not include symptoms such as unusual bruising, unusual bleeding, tiredness, weakness, shortness of breath, restlessness, difficulty breathing, swelling, muscle pain, cramps, increased thirst, mental changes, mood changes, painful sensations in the joints, persistent sore throat, coughing, fever, chills, irregular heartbeat, decreased urination, fainting, dark urine, chest pain and confusion. This type of medicament may be affiliated with certain other hypersensitivity, dermatologic and hematologic side effects such as pulmonary edema, vomiting, eczema,dermatitis, skin rashes, skin lesions, allergic vasculit is, kidney inflammations and several others. Respiratory and cardiovascular side effects include respiratory distress, faster breathing rate, low oxygen levels, wheezing, pulmonary edema, heart block and heart rate disorders.

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