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Information on Hydrochlorothiazide

Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic type of drugs which comesfrom the class of thiazides and its main purpose is to inhibit the kidneys’ability of retaining water. It is very beneficial in lowering the peripheralvascular resistance and reducing the volume of blood. It can be purchased as ageneric type of drug or it can be purchased under certain brand names. It iscommonly combined with certain other medicaments for the treatment ofhypertension. Another important fact about this type of medication is that itis very efficient in preventing the human body from taking in excessive amountsof salt which may lead to fluid retention. Medical conditions which are mostly treated with hydrochlorothiazideinclude kidney stones, symptomatic edema, congestive heart failure andhypertension. There are also certain other less known medical conditions whichcan also be treated with this type of medicament. Those who suffer fromosteoporosis and hypokalemia may also find hydrochlorothiazide to be of greathelp for their medical conditions.

Side Effects of Hydrochlorothiazide

Higher dosage of this type of medicament may be affiliatedwith certain metabolic types of side effects. The most common side effects mayor may not include changes in the levels of cholesterol in the blood, increasedlevels of sugar in the blood, increased levels of calcium in the blood, lowlevels of magnesium in the blood, alkalosis, low levels of sodium in the bodyfluids and low levels of potassium in the blood. Certain side effects such asconfusion, dazed feelings, drowsiness, dizziness and sometimes evencerebrovascular insufficiency may affect the nervous system of the patient.Some patients may also experience certain side effects which affect thegastrointestinal system. Such side effects may or may not include extremepainful sensations in the abdomen, inflammatory conditions of the gallbladder, nauseaand pancreatitis. Certain patients treated with hydrochlorothiazide haveexperience severe allergic reactions which may or may not include symptoms suchas unusual bruising, unusual bleeding, tiredness, weakness, shortness ofbreath, restlessness, difficulty breathing, swelling, muscle pain, cramps,increased thirst, mental changes, mood changes, painful sensations in the joints,persistent sore throat, coughing, fever, chills, irregular heartbeat, decreasedurination, fainting, dark urine, chest pain and confusion. This type ofmedicament may be affiliated with certain other hypersensitivity, dermatologicand hematologic side effects such as pulmonary edema, vomiting, eczema,dermatitis, skin rashes, skin lesions, allergic vasculitis, kidneyinflammations and several others. Respiratory and cardiovascular side effectsinclude respiratory distress, faster breathing rate, low oxygen levels, wheezing,pulmonary edema, heart block and heart rate disorders.

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