Progesterone is a steroid hormone responsible for the conceiving and maintaining pregnancy, as well as for achieving sexual desire in women. The ovaries, adrenal glands and placenta during pregnancy produce this hormone. The hormone pregnenolone helps in progesterone production, while progesterone, on the other side, helps in the production of cortisol, estrogen, and testosterone. It is very important for a well-being of a woman to have hormonal balance.
The low level of progesterone may be caused by the liver dysfunction or when estrogen predominates. Furthermore, chronic stress and insulin resistance may be the main causes for this condition. Low progesterone may occur in the case when diet is poor in nutrition but rich in sugar, and sometimes certain medications may slow the production of progesterone.
Symptoms of low progesterone
The state of low progesterone is usually called estrogen dominance and in this condition numerous symptoms occur. One of the symptoms of low progesterone in women is infertility. Progesterone is the most produced during the ovulation. When the pregnancy is not conceived, the level of progesterone falls down. Sometimes, it occurs that the low levels of progesterone maintain and disable ovulation or the preparing of the uterus for pregnancy. Another symptom of low progesterone is the occurrence of blood clots during menstruation and irregular menstrual periods. In some cases, menstruation is not appearing for several months and on the other side, many women may experience frequent and excessive menstrual flows.
Low progesterone may also cause endometrial polyps and fibroids. Polyps grow within the uterine lining, but as well as fibroids, they are not very serious conditions, because they are benign growths. In some cases, when the level of progesterone is low while the level of estrogen is high, the soreness of breasts may occur. Painful bloating and water retention are some of the symptoms of this condition. The gaining of the weight may happen as well. Some women may experience the breast enlargement during the progesterone deficiency. Depression, sadness, anxiety and emotional instability may also be some of the symptoms of low level of progesterone, though sleeplessness because of the hot flashes and night sweats are also very usual.
Other symptoms that are also very common for the lack of progesterone are thyroid dysfunction, gallbladder disease and hypoglycemia, as well as vaginal dryness, panic attacks and magnesium deficiency. When some of the symptoms listed above are noticed, the woman must go and visit a doctor, or she may test the level of progesterone at home by measuring the temperature of the body during ovulation. The temperature of the female body rises along with the progesterone levels. If a basal thermometer does not show the increase of temperature during ovulation, it is a sign that progesterone is not normally produced.