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The proper functioning of many systems in the human body would not be possible without the hormones. The endocrine glands manufacture these chemicals and they reach the organs in the body through the blood stream. Hormones can be classified into two groups: peptides and steroids. Since the normal function of many systems in the body depends on the hormones, it is very important to maintain the proper level of them in the body. Nevertheless, a condition when their level increases or decreases significantly (hormonal imbalance) may occur because of many reasons.

Causes of hormonal imbalance in women

The two most significant hormones in the females are progesterone and estrogen. These two hormones are responsible for the development of female sex characteristic, as well as for the development of female sex organs. When the level of one of these two hormones or both of them considerably increases or decreases, it leads to the hormonal imbalance.

Another cause for the occurrence of hormonal imbalance in women is menopause, which is the period in the life of a woman when she stops having menstruation, but the production of estrogen continues. Furthermore, improper functioning of the endocrine glands that produce hormones may also cause hormonal imbalance, which may also be caused by consuming contraceptive pills, obesity, stress and lack of ovulation. Moreover, there are cases when the hormonal imbalance was induced by cosmetics and by consuming foods that contained pesticides.

Symptoms of hormonal imbalance in women

The hormonal imbalance in women has its characteristic signs that are typically related to the menstrual cycle problems, such as irregular menstruation, heavy and excessive menstruation, PMS, fatigue, dizziness and mood swings. Furthermore, the women who suffer from the hormonal imbalance may experience breast tenderness, fibroids and endometriosis, as well as vaginal yeast infection, allergies and even infertility. Other symptoms that usually appear when women have to deal with this problem are gaining of the body weight, night sweats, depression and anxiety. The hormonal imbalance in women may also cause thyroid dysfunction, urinary tract infections and incontinence.

Treatment of hormonal imbalance in women

Fortunately, the hormonal imbalance in women may be treated effectively by the means of several methods. When a woman suffers from a hormone deficiency, hormone precursors are then prescribed. On the other hand, if a woman suffers from excess hormone, in such cases, hormone blockers are prescribed. Nowadays, many doctors suggest the hormone replacement therapy as an efficient way to treat hormonal imbalance.

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