Cervical erosion is a condition that affects surface of the cervix, to be more precise columnar epithelium of the cervix. It features with partial or total absence of the epithelium. The size of the erosion varies and it is inflamed, red and granular. It may have velvet appearance. This medical condition can affect pregnant women as well as those who are taking oral contraceptive pills. Cervical erosion can be also a consequence of trauma, infection or the usage of certain contraceptive foams or creams. Majority of women are not even aware of the presence of cervical erosions. On the other hand, the problems connected to erosion may include increased discharge and discomfort or even bleeding during/after intercourse.
Symptoms of Cervical Erosion
Women in reproductive period are most affected with this condition. There are no symptoms in most of the cases. This is why cervical erosion can be found during routine gynecologic examinations. The absence of symptoms requires no treatment.
On the other hand, women who suffer from certain symptoms such as vaginal discharge and do not have any infection at all most likely suffer from cervical erosion and they will be eventually treated. One of the causes of bleeding in the beginning of the pregnancy is related to cervical erosions.
Constant whitish discharge from the vagina cab is one of the symptoms of cervical erosion. This discharge is different from those present in inflammation and in case of hypertrophic erosions.
Bleeding during and after intercourse is another symptom of this medical condition. Still the bleeding from the cervical change may be also a sign of a malignant disease.
Some women who are suffering from cervical erosion also have difficulties with getting pregnant.
Itchiness of the vulva may be caused by excessive discharge. Persistent discharge may oppress a woman and she may become anxious, nervous or even depressive.
Treatment of Cervical Erosion
After the doctor has performed vaginal examination she will take Pap smears, perform colposcopic examination and cervical biopsy if necessary. In majority of cases the treatment for cervical erosion is not necessary since it heals on its own.
If this does not happen the doctor will choose the treatment according to the cause of the erosion. In case that the cause is trauma the avoidance of trauma can lead to complete healing. If the cause is infection, a patient is prescribed antibiotics. Sometimes irritants such as contraceptive foams must be discontinued.
And finally, if medicamentous therapy fails cauterization of the erosion is what needs to be performed.