Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the name for the condition that is characterized by the infection of the reproductive organs in women. Pelvic inflammatory disease is caused by bacteria that are transmitted through sexual intercourse. If these bacteria reach uterus and upper genital tract in that case, pelvic inflammatory disease occurs. This disease is very frequent and for example in America over a million women a year develop it.
Pelvic inflammatory disease has many symptoms and warning signs, but only in the later stages. At the beginning, the women with this disease usually do not notice any symptoms. Only when they begin to feel chronic pelvic pain or when they have problems to get pregnant, they discover this infection. Pelvic inflammatory disease can be even asymptomatic for example when the infection is caused by Chlamydia. It can be very problematic because in that case it is not treated and can be passed to other sexual partners. Pelvic inflammatory disease can be mild or acute and severe or chronic.
Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease
The most frequent symptom of pelvic inflammatory disease is pain in the lower abdomen. This pain usually worsens by movement, and is stronger during the night. Pain in the pelvis and low back pain are also very common, while pain that occurs during the intercourse, which is medically called dyspareunia, is one of the symptoms as well. This kind of pain can be reproduced when the doctor touches cervix during the examination. This is called cervical excitation tenderness. Furthermore, painful and difficult urination may also occur.
Women who have this infection may also complain of irregular menstrual bleeding, which is either prolonged or erratic. The increased vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell is very often, too. Moreover, in some cases, the women experience nausea, vomiting, high temperature as well as fever and fatigue. There are also cases when women reported signs of shock such as fainting. Genital sores or rash and bleeding between the menstrual periods are also some of the signs of pelvic inflammatory disease.
Complications of pelvic inflammatory disease
If the women notice some of the signs mentioned above, she must stop having sex and visit the doctor. It is very important to treat this disease on time, because it can lead to some complications such as infertility chronic pelvic pain and ectopic or tubal pregnancy. If this disease is not treated it can lead to scar tissue and collections of infected fluid in the fallopian tubes thus seriously damaging the reproductive organs.