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Rectal prolapse surgery

Rectal prolapse surgery is a medical procedure which is done in order to repair the prolapse of the terminal part of the colon. Prolapse of the rectum can be partial or total and is rather embarrassing and problematic. The surgery takes care of all the symptoms including problems with fecal incontinence. There are several surgical approaches in case of rectal prolapse. The surgeon makes the final decision which of the approaches is most suitable in a particular case. Basically, the operation is performed under general anesthesia and the patient needs to spend several days in hospital.

Risks of Rectal Prolapse Surgery

This surgery can result in some serious complications. They include bleeding, obstruction of large intestines, reversible or irreversible damage of the surrounding tissue or organs and infections. The condition may reoccur and some patients even complain about worsening of already present constipation. In rare cases the rectum may become too narrow.

Rectal Prolapse Surgery

The surgeon makes the final decision on how the patient will be operated. This depends on the degree of the rectal prolapse, additional medical conditions and surgeon's experience. There are several types of surgery and they include repair of the rectum through the anus, repair through the abdomen and minimally invasive surgical approach.

In first approach the surgical procedure is performed through the anus. This procedure is also known as perineal rectosigmoidectomy. This procedure includes the removal of one part of the rectum while the remaining part is stitched to the colon. Even though this operation is done under general anesthesia for those patients who may have problems with general anesthesia perineal rectosigmoidectomy can be performed under regional anesthesia. The risk of complications is minimal.

The second option is repair through the abdomen or rectopexy. The surgeon places the prolapsed rectum back into the pelvis and attaches the rectum to the tissues that surround rectum and coat sacrum. This procedure carries more risk of potential complications comparing to the previous one.

And finally, the last option is minimally invasive surgery. It features with several small incisions on the abdomen. This is why this procedure is called laparoscopic rectal prolapse surgery. A camera together with certain instruments is used in this operation and the risk of potential complications is low.

After the surgery the patient has to spend a few more days in the hospital and then he/ she is released. While in hospital until the proper function of rectum is re-established one is allowed to drink liquids and after a few days to consume solid food.

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