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Back pain is considered to be one of the most common symptoms of a fair number of diseases and disorders. In most cases it is the adults that suffer from it and a large number of people experience it at last once during their lives. This type of pain can be both acute and chronic. However, sudden back pain is mostly acute. People need to know that acute pain needs to be treated as soon as it appears because if it is left untreated it can become chronic. Chronic pain is a lot harder to treat. There are various symptoms of back pain which can be mild to severe. The cause will determine that.

Sudden lower back pain causes

In most cases, it is an injury to the muscle or a ligament that causes back pain. However, there are other things that may cause sudden back pain.

Muscle sprain

A sudden stretch or a tear of any of the back muscles can cause sudden back pain. If the ligaments are damaged a person will also experience pain in the back. These injuries occur because of bad posture, bending or lifting heavy objects and it is mostly athletes and dancers who suffer from these injuries.

Sciatica

Sciatica occurs when the sciatic nerve gets inflamed. This particular nerve stretches from the lower back to the legs. Sciatica pain is a sudden sharp pain that is usually felt in only one part of the body.

Herniated disc

A person can suffer from sudden lower back pain because of the slipped or herniated discs. Hernia occurs when the discs bulge or rupture because of some injury. Apart from the injury a person may suffer from a herniated disc because of sudden pressure on the lower back or improper movement.

Spondylolysis

Trauma, injury or a fracture can cause spondylolysis to occur but it occurs mainly because of a congenital defect.

Sudden lower back pain treatment

The cause of the pain will determine the treatment. A person should go to the hospital if the pain does not go away after some time. In some cases a person will need surgery in order to get rid of the pain. However, that is quite rare. Acupressure and physiotherapy are very popular treatment options for this problem. Pain killers and sprays are used when the pain is not severe. Bed rest is an essential part of the healing process.
A person can prevent sudden back pain by simply sitting properly.  

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