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Sinemet is a medication which is used to treat the Parkinson's disease. This medication can also be used for other conditions which have similar symptoms to Parkinson's disease. Sinemet is available only with a prescription, but your doctor will not prescribe this medication if you have or had skin cancer or glaucoma.

Every medication has side effects and so does Sinemet. Some of the mild side effects may include headache, sleeping disorders, diarrhea, vomiting, sickness, faintness, fatigue, dry mouth, unpleasant taste in the mouth, excessive perspiration, disturbed stomach, problems with urination. However, if these symptoms get worse, visit your doctor. You should also seek medical advice if you experience severe allergic reactions to Sinemet or some other side effects. An allergic reaction can manifest as skin disorders such as rash, irritation and itching, breathing difficulties, tension in the chest and swollen face, tongue or lips. The other side effects include pain in the chest, irregular pulse, fever, mood alterations, hallucinations, depression, suicidal tendencies, confusion, dark stool, pain in the abdomen, vomiting blood, pain in the muscles, stiff muscles, excessive perspiration, fever, exhaustion, dizziness, bleedings, vision impairment, yellow skin and eyes, and muscle spasms which affect movements of the eyes, tongue, arms or legs.

In order to reduce the risk of side effects you should avoid combining Sinemet with other drugs, alcohol, long exposure to the sun and excessive exercising. If you are taking Sinemet, you should ask your doctor to provide some useful safety information. It is not recommended for you to drive or operate dangerous equipment because Sinemet may cause dizziness and faintness. Sinemet may increase sexual urge. You should not stop taking Sinemet abruptly because this may cause the condition to get worse. Gradually lower the dose in order to prevent side effects. If you are planning pregnancy, are pregnant or breastfeeding, inform your doctor about it because Sinemet may have an effect on the baby.

According to the affected body parts, side effects of Sinemet can be classified as nervous system side effects, gastrointestinal, psychiatric, cardiovascular, dermatological, immunologic, hematologic, respiratory, hepatic, endocrine and renal side effects. Nervous system side effects include sleeping disturbances and mental changes. Gastrointestinal side effects refer to nausea and vomiting. Psychiatric involve confusion, depression, mania, hallucinations and increased sexual urge. Dermatological side effects involve skin disorders, but some patients may develop cancerous melanoma. Other side effects entail fever, muscles stiffness, and worsening of the symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

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