What kind of medication is Meloxicam and how does it work?
This medication belongs to the group of those that are known as NSAIDs, which means that it is primarily used in cases when it is necessary to relieve symptoms such as pain, swelling, inflammation and stiffness. These symptoms are usually common for cases of arthritis, a condition that affects joints, which is why Meloxicam is one of the most frequently prescribed medications in people who suffer from various forms of this condition. Still, it does not mean that it can slow down the disease, or that it can stop the progression, because when it comes to arthritis, there is no medication that can do that. Its mechanism of action consists of preventing the hormones that cause inflammation and pain (prostaglandins, to be more precise) to act.
What are its most common side effects?
Since every medication has some side effects, it is important to know which those are when it comes to Meloxicam, because in some cases they can be prevented. For example, due to the fact that the interaction is very likely to happen if it is taken at the same time as ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, corticosteroids, diuretics, digoxin, lithium, blood thinners, certain antidepressants, as well as some other medications, it is better simply not to usemeloxicam at all. Certain herbs might also cause interaction if combined with meloxicam, which is why it is important to make sure not to combine them. Some of these herbs are dong quai, feverfew, ginkgo biloba, ginger, and even garlic and fish oil supplements. Depending on the medication, some results of these interactions might be kidney problems, increased risk of bleeding, and decreased efficiency of the medication that is taken along with Meloxicam.
Due to the increased risk of experiencing some side effects, people who have asthma, some heart, liver or kidney problem, high blood pressure, diabetes or allergy, should not take this medication without previously consulting the doctor. The same goes for pregnant and breastfeeding women, people who smoke, drink alcohol a lot, and those who have recently undergone some heart related surgery procedure.
As for the most frequent side effects, people usually complained about heartburn, infections of the upper respiratory tract, diarrhea, pain in the abdomen, swelling, anemia, headache and problems with sleeping. Those very rarely reported side effects are dizziness, sore throat, vomiting, pain in the back and rash that occurs without a known reason.