The arteries are vital parts of the system that supply the body with blood. The blood is pumped by the heart, but the arteries are responsible for distribution of the blood to all the regions of the body. Many substances like fat and cholesterol can lock and clog these arteries and this may lead to several problems associated with the heart. The flow of the blood is reduced and chest pain, heart attack and many other problems can occur. This surgery is associated with the cleaning of all arteries that have become blocked, and it can restore normal blood flow. The surgery will create a detour to the blocked artery with a small part of the healthy blood vessel. Also, the artery that is detached from the chest wall is attached to the coronary artery located under the blocked area. Also, one end of the long vein can be grafted to the coronary artery located under the blockage, while the other part is sewn in the area above the blockage. Several graftings may be needed for the results to be visible. A machine called cardiopulmonary bypass is used during this procedure.
Recovery and Survival Rate
After the surgery, which lasts from 4 to 6 hours, stay in the hospital is needed. This period goes from 4 to 7 days, but the entire recovery will take 3-4 months. Sedentary jobs such as office work can be done 4-6 weeks after the surgery. There is no real difference between the survival rate of the patients treated with the drugs and those treated with quadruple bypass surgery. Drugs are associated with 78% of survival rate and surgery with 82% survival rate. These figures are given based on the period of five years after the surgery.
Risks and Life Expectancy
Graft narrowing, bleeding, anesthesia complications, cognition problems, infection, stroke and heart attack are some of the common complications. Also chest pain and death are not excluded. When we talk about life expectancy, several factors determine this fact and those are level of exercising, consumption of fatty foods, alcohol intake smoking and several others. Still, the general time given goes from 10 to 15 years. We have to mention the cost of this surgery, which revolves around 45 000 $. For the end, we advise you to follow advice given and avoid things that can lead to artery blockage. Avoid fatty foods, alcohol and lead a healthy life and you should not have problems with clogged arteries.