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Pain in the lower left quadrant

The abdomen is the part of the body that houses many organs. Therefore, when a pain in the abdomen occurs, it may be due to certain disorders or diseases that affect any of the organs in the abdomen. Therefore, the causes that are responsible for the occurrence of pain in this region are numerous and various. The kidneys, ovaries, ureter, intestines, bladder, fallopian tubes, blood vessels, muscles, nerves and the skin are the organs or structures in the body whose malfunction or any disorder may cause the lower left quadrant pain. 

Causes of lower left quadrant pain

  • One of the causes of the pain that occurs in lower left abdominal side is constipation. The people who suffer from constipation have problems to pass the feces normally, since the stools are very dry and hard. Apart from the lower left quadrant pain, constipation may also cause bloating of the stomach and even headaches.
  • Another condition responsible for the pain in the entire abdomen and lower left quadrant pain is gastritis, or gas in the stomach. Other symptoms of gastritis include stomach bloating, abdominal cramping, and passing wind from the anus. 
  • Diverticulitis is a bowel disease that affects the sigmoid colon and thus leads to the occurrence of severe pain in the lower left abdomen area.
  • In women, lower left quadrant pain may be caused by ectopic pregnancy. It is the condition when after the fertilization the egg does not implant itself in the wall of uterus, but somewhere else. 
  • Furthermore, lower left quadrant pain may also be caused due to food poisoning. When a person gets poisoned by eating contaminated food, he/she may feel severe pain in the lower left side of the abdomen. Other accompanying system of this condition include nausea and vomiting and, in some cases, fever. 
  • Lower left quadrant pain may be induced by irritable bowel syndrome. The pain in the lower side of the abdomen is usually accompanied by abdominal cramping, bloated stomach, constipation or diarrhea, and gas when irritable bowel syndrome occurs. 
  • Kidney stones may be responsible for the occurrence of sharp pain in the lower left abdominal area. This pain tends to expand to the thighs and legs of the person. 
  • Hiatal hernia is a condition that can cause lower left quadrant pain as well. Hiatal hernia occurs when a part of the stomach bulges out of the diaphragm into the chest. Acid reflux disease usually occurs as the symptom of hiatal hernia.

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