Introduction to lower back pain
According to the most recent surveys, about 80 percent of the adults experience lower back pain at some point in their lives.
It usually starts as a muscle spasm of the muscles that support the spine, but also, pain and numbness in the lower extremities and buttocks can also lead to pain in the lower back as well. Causes
The main cause, as previously mentioned, is muscle strain. The muscles located in the area of the lower back give strength and mobility to a person in order to perform all activities that they go through every single day. Of course, when the muscles are strained or overworked, pain will result. Also, pain is more readily shown in people who have weak back muscles, so it is recommended to do regular exercises that will strengthen these muscles.
Ligament sprains can also lead to lower back pain. There are ligaments in this area that connect the muscles in the lower back with the spiral vertebra and give stability to the lower back. They can be injured through sudden movements or constant stress and strain.
Poor posture is another reason that back pain occurs. Slouching in front of a computer all day can cause significant back pain. Years of this type of behavior can cause chronic lower back pain.
Aging is another reason that leads to lower back pain. Aging causes a decrease in bone density and a natural weakening of the muscles and ligaments of the back. All other causes, couple with aging, can lead to serious life-ling back pain.
A herniated disc in the spine can cause a pinched nerve in the back, which can also lead to significant pain in this area. The pain can even radiate down the legs at times. However, the location of the pain usually depends on the nerve that is being effected, but generally, the pain will begin locally, in the lower back.
Kidney infections, cancer and ovarian problems are some of many illnesses and medical problems that can also lead to back pain issues. Treatment
More important than anything, it is vital to rest the muscles of the lower back if you are experiencing pain of any kind. It is also important to avoid prolonged periods of sitting, driving, standing, bending, lifting or twisting of the back.
Ice can be used to soothe pain in the back. It is important to keep the ice in a towel so that it does not directly come in contact with the skin, which can lead to ice burns. There are also medications that can be used to get rid of the pain and decrease the inflammation that is causing the lower back pain. Anti-inflammatory medicine such as Aspirin is available over-the-counter.
It is important to exercise the muscles of the back, especially in the morning. There are many exercises that are simple and can be done in minutes at home. They will improve a person’s flexibility and strengthen the muscles that are prone to injury. However, if you are feeling more pain when exercising, it is best not to continue, but instead, see a doctor about your lower back problems.
Changing the position in which a person sleeps can also be helpful for relieving back pain. It is vital to take strain off of the lower back when sleeping. A firm mattress is important, but it is also vital to elevate the head a little.