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One zygote can split in two, or two zygotes can be formed at the same time, and both of these situations will lead to the pregnancy of twin babies. This is considered to be an abnormality, which happens in one case out of eighty.

Causes

Twin pregnancy happens once the ovary creates two eggs simultaneously, and this is a situation in which women older than 30 years of age find themselves the most. Steroid hormonal changes are a possibility in delayed pregnancies of this kind. Fertility treatments are something that older women with low fertility issues go through, and these treatments can lead to the twin pregnancy due to the creation of two ova. Twins can be identical or fraternal. The non-identical twins come from the fraternal twins who come from the fertilization of two eggs and two sperms and thus, they have to be different, of course. Separated umbilical cord and placenta among twins will be present during the pregnancy. The same placenta is present among the identical twins, which form by splitting of the fertilized egg in two. Each of the twins will have an umbilical cord and they will look alike as well. Conjoined twins are an issue that can result from this kind of twins.

Symptoms

When compared to the common pregnancy, weight of the body will be increased additionally if you are having twins. Steroid hormones are secreted in larger amounts because two babies are present, and this is why women in this situation gain more weight. Pain and uneasiness will make sleeping difficult. The swelling in the toes is another symptoms that may occur, and mostly due to the size of two babies. This problem will cause pressing of the pelvic vein by the uterus, which will result in sending more water than blood to the lower limbs. Morning sickness is a problem that every other pregnant woman experiences, and during the initial period of 14 months this problem is at its pinnacle. Two babies will demand more nutrients and this can lead to uncommon hunger and extreme weariness, which occurs due to the lack of essential nutrients.

Complications

There is a chance that babies are born prior to the end of the gestation period, and chances of this are high among women carrying twins. Cesarean section is the method of delivery in these cases. Conjoined twins are one of the problems that may occur due to the twin pregnancy, but there are other possible complications as well. Excess bleeding can be experienced after the birth and may cause the death of a mother, but anemia and high blood pressure are also possible. There are others possible complications, like gestational diabetes, which leads to breathing problems during the birth, and the transfusion of blood vessels, which occurs among identical twins and causes one baby to get excess of blood (which further causes many issues).

Mothers have to look after themselves and their bodies, and this is the best way in which each baby can be monitored for growth and development. This will prevent complications and remember to consume essential nutrients that your babies require. Remember to take the needed supplements and go on regular checkups.

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