Pregnancy is typically very exciting time in a life of every woman. It is one of the most important periods in life and a reason for much happiness. However, occasionally many things about pregnancy can go wrong. Various symptoms and problems associated with pregnancy are collected under the name “complications of pregnancy”. Some of the complications are routine, and they affect many of the pregnant women, posing no significant threat to either the woman or the child. However, some other complications are more severe and can be potentially fatal. The most serious of pregnancy complications can cause both maternal and fetal death if untreated.
Most of the women will face the same routine problems. Among the most prominent is the back pain, which typically occurs in the third trimester when the women's center of gravity has shifted.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is also very common. This condition is defined by the pressure on the Meridian nerve, leading to numbness, tingling, weakness or muscle damage in the hand and fingers.
Edema usually includes swelling in various parts of the body. Sometimes this complication refers to early symptoms of preeclampsia, which is a more serious complication associated with high blood pressure. Edema is dangerous if it is accompanied with swelling, headaches, a blurred vision, disorientation or severe abdominal pain.
Severe pregnancy complications
Serious pregnancy problems may originate mainly in the mother or may occur in the fetus or placenta, affecting the mother as well. Three most frequent complications originating in mother include pelvic girdle pain, severe hypertension or deep vein thrombosis.
Pelvic gridle pain is characterized by pain, instability and limitation of mobility and functioning in any of the three pelvic joints. This condition begins in the first trimester of pregnancy often gradually growing and affecting the woman’s ability to carry out daily activities. The condition occurs since during pregnancy the body produces a hormone called relaxin, which softens the ligaments putting too much stress on the joints, ligaments and muscles of your pelvis.
Gestational hypertension is defined as a development of new arterial hypertension in a pregnant woman after 20-week gestation. It is usually defined by blood pressure measurements above 140/90.
Deep vein thrombosis occurs in 0.5 to 7 per 1,000 pregnancies, and remains the second most common cause of maternal death. The complication is characterized by formation of a blood clot in a deep vein.
Among others, fetal problems include ectopic pregnancy, which is defined as the implantation of the embryo outside the uterus. Unfortunately, this pregnancy has to be aborted, as there are no chances for fetal survival.
Placental abruption is another common complication involving separation of the placenta from the uterus. This is the most common cause of late pregnancy bleeding. This complication is associated with a fetal mortality rate of 20–40%.
Multiple pregnancies are also defined as a pregnancy complication bearing a risk of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, a complication of disproportionate blood supply, resulting in high morbidity and mortality.