Sunburns are, as the name itself suggests, damages on the skin caused by excessive exposure to the heat of the sun. In most cases they are experienced through redness and small irritation of the skin and are best treated by reducing one's exposure and treating it with creams and sun lotions. However, in some cases, the burn can be to an extent that blisters may appear. Such sunburns are dangerous and require medical assistance as they can be potentially cancerous or leave permanent marks on the skin.
It is important to bear in mind that not only light skinned people are prone to sunburns but rather people of all races and skin colors. Sunburns are not caused by mere heat but also by our Sun's harmful ultra violet radiation. Besides sun rays, devices in tanning saloons may produce even more radiation thus making them even more dangerous and not recommended for one to expose his or her skin to it, although many people do, often excessively.
Many people have already experienced some of the symptoms of sunburn like the color change of the burned spot into light red or even purple-like skin, tender to the touch and prone to irritation. Additionally, more serious cases involve the appearance of blisters full of fluids, often painful when they burr or get removed, leaving a layer of thin, new skin underneath it. Fever or even vomiting may accompany the most serious cases of sun overexposure as well as eye irritation is no protection is worn.
Sunburn is also known to speed up the aging process of the skin, causing premature wrinkles to appear as wall as many other skin aging symptoms.
Light sunburns often disappear on their own and no medical attention is needed. In most cases, applying something cold over the burnt area, or immersing it whole into cool water can help. Additionally, apply anti-sunburn or regular burn lotions over the burnt spot. In case of more serious burns accompanied by blisters, treat the blisters regularly with lotions while covering them with gauze or similar material and do not remove them before they dry out and disappear or fall off on their own. Drink plenty of fluids but avoid alcohol since it only adds to dehydration. Water is the best choice.
If all fails and the pain are present as well as signs of an infection over and on the burnt area, relieve yourself of pain by taking some over-the-counter painkillers and contact your doctor to prevent any progress of possible infections or complications.