The cause of the burning mouth syndrome unfortunately cannot be determined precisely. It may affect the cheeks, lips, gums, tongue and the roof of one’s mouth. Sometimes it affects the whole mouth.
Symptoms of the burning mouth may include dry, sore mouth with increased thirst, loss of taste and the changes in taste, a burning sensation that may affect all or some areas of the mouth, mouth pain that gets worse as day goes by and a numb sensation in certain mouth areas. Pain that usually occurs can be present the entire day or it can worsen as the day progresses. The symptoms can sometimes last for years without a proper treatment. Sometimes the symptoms can heal by themselves or even decrease in frequency. If any of the mouth areas become sore and painful, one should seek immediate medical attention.
If there is not known cause of burning mouth syndrome it is then called primary burning mouth syndrome, but if it gets triggered by some other medical condition it is called secondary burning mouth syndrome. The secondary mouth syndrome can be caused by many different underlying health problems. Those problems include dry mouth, dentures, diabetes, underactive thyroid, excessive mouth irritation, various oral infections and conditions, depression, anxiety, taste control nerves’ damage, allergic reactions, reflux, oral habits, deficiency of various nutrients, ingestion of high blood pressure medications and hormonal imbalances.
One cannot pinpoint the universal way of treating burning mouth syndrome, and it will always depend on one’s individual symptoms and underlying conditions. If there are any underlying conditions, they should be treated first and once the healing process is over, the burning mouth syndrome should be resolved as well.
Various options for the treatment of burning mouth syndrome include an anticonvulsant medication called clonazepam, alpha-lipoic acid with its strong antioxidant properties, antidepressants, vitamin B, oral rinses, oral thrush medications, products for the replacement of saliva and a pain reliever called capsaicin. There are no known types of surgery that can heal the burning mouth syndrome.
One can always change his or her lifestyle and use the benefits of various home remedies in order to reduce and cure the symptoms of the burning mouth syndrome. Drinking as much fluids as possible will help in reducing the dryness of the mouth. Tobacco of any type should be avoided, as well as products that contain mint and cinnamon. Spicy hot foods are not recommended, either. Acidic foods and beverages can also worsen the symptoms.
Trying different toothpastes until an appropriate one is found is recommended. Excessive stress must be reduced and avoided as well.