Pathological liars are suffering from a disease and cannotcontrol their lying. The disease cannot be specifically defined psychologicallythough. There is no specific treatment for pathological lying as it is usuallypresent as a symptom of some other underlying condition such as attentiondeficit, obsessive compulsive disorder, antisocial personality disorder orhyperactivity disorder. Some studies have shown that pathological liars have abrain that is slightly different than the brain of a normal human being whofeels no urge for lying.
Pathological liars have a quarter more white matter inthe prefrontal cortex of the brain than the people who do not havepsychological disorders. Lower amounts of white matter are associated withpeople who suffer from autism and are usually unable to tell lies. Theconclusion is that excess amounts of white matter in the brain increase one’surge and ability to lie.
Children become much more credible liars around the age of10 and that is exactly the age at which the white matter gets developed, notablyin the prefrontal cortex. Too much white matter usually leads to this conditioncommonly known as pathological lying. There are unfortunately no ideas on apossible way of treating this condition and no research has shown any results.The condition results from a specific structure of one’s brain and, just likeautism, cannot be treated.
In most cases, pathological liars suffer from some othermedical condition which can be treated by certain types of medication. In orderto treat the patient properly, the doctor must always be extremely accurate indiagnosing these underlying conditions, because wrong type of medication couldworsen the current condition.
The underlying conditions and personality disorder thatpathological liars suffer from and can be treated by psychiatric medications andcognitive behavioral therapy as well. The treatment leads to an elimination ofthe underlying condition in order to stop the person from pathological lying. Itis very important that the treated person complies with the therapy and themedications, although sometimes people with antisocial disorder do not want tobe treated.
A pathological liar must be committed to the therapy and have the will have to take medications in order to be cured. The main issue is that liars canlie about taking their medication, the effect that medication has, and life ingeneral so it can affect the efficiency of the therapy. No treatment will workfor all the patients, but luckily enough, for some of them have been cured successfully.