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Fever is a common medical condition and it is always accompanied by a burning sensation which occurs in the mouth. Sometimes a person may also find out that he or she has blisters inside the mouth. These blisters are actually the ones referred to as fever blisters. Sometimes, such blisters may get developed in the mouth due to excessive consumption of spicy foods.

Causes and Symptoms

There are two main different types of herpes simplex virus and those are type 1 or HSV1 and type 2 or HSV 2. Fever blisters in mouth are actually triggered by the severe type 1. HSV 2 is commonly associated with genital herpes while HSV 1 triggers oral herpes in most cases. The blisters appear because the body elevates the temperature as an immune response to the harmful viruses. Both different types of herpes simplex virus are equally contagious but the severe type 1 is the one which is much more dominant than its counterpart. Fever blisters can also be trigger by a close contact with a person who is already infected with the virus, because the virus spreads rather easily through saliva.

Severe types of infection may involve lesions which appear in the mouth. The blisters cannot be cured, but they can be suppressed by using certain types of prescription drugs. Primary infection is medicinally referred to as gingivostomatitis and it affects the gums, tongue and the throat. It is characterized by swollen lymph nodes, swallowing problems, fever, painful sensations and dehydration. The second stage of the infection is medically referred to as prodrome and it is characterized mainly by burning and painful sensations. Infection may sometimes recur, usually due to certain contributing factors such as menstruation, exposure to the sun, high fever, stress and trauma to the skin.

Treatment Options

Unfortunately, there are not that many options for curing fever blisters, but the symptoms of the conditions can be reduced by using allopathic medicines, antibacterial mouthwash and certain prescription drugs such as Famiciclovir and Peniciclovir. Spicy and salty foods need to be avoided as much as possible because they may aggravate the condition. Lidocai and Tetracyclin may also come in very handy when it comes to reducing the intensity of pain. Hydrogen peroxide and milk of magnesia are efficient in disinfecting the mouth. Whole wheat, peas, grains, nuts and chocolates also need to be avoided as much as possible. Home remedies which can be used include aloe vera juice, cornstarch paste, olive oil, grapefruit extract, mint extract, Vaseline and several others.

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