Dry skin is rarely a serious complaint and it is not considered to be a serious medical condition. However, dry skin is not only frustrating, irritating and unattractive, it may also be a sign of an underlying medical issue.
Dealing with dry skin
One of the basic factors in dealing with dry skin is regular and proper moisturizing. Dry skin is dry because it is not sufficiently lubricated, which needs to be replenished by applying moisturizing creams, lotions and oils. People who have dry skin should always choose cosmetic products designed for that particular skin type. This includes soaps, washes, creams, lotions, even shampoos and conditioners.
Dry skin of the face needs to be moisturized at least twice a day and the skin must be cleansed before applying the product. As for the body, it should be moisturized with a quality body lotion once a day, or after each shower or bath. Other than the face, body parts that are particularly sensitive and prone to dryness are hands and feet, and they should be moisturized after each washing and before bedtime.
Other products, like those used for cleansing, should be mild and as natural as possible. Harsh chemicals in cosmetic products not only strip away the skin’s own oils, but they also irritate it and make it more sensitive. The water used for washing, bathing and showering should not be hot, but lukewarm or warm.
Another major element in skin care for dry skin is exfoliation. Exfoliation removes dead skin cells that give the skin that flaky look. It can be done using a loofah, exfoliating creams, even table salt.
Dry skin is more sensitive than other skin types. It needs to be protected from harsh environmental factors, especially from cold, hot, windy and dry weather. In summer, it is absolutely essential to always use sunscreen.
Applying moisturizers is not going to be enough in the battle against dry skin. The change must come from the inside too. Dietary habits are particularly important. Diet should be well balanced, rich in all of the essential nutrients, vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids, enzymes, protein and antioxidants. Skin will never be smooth and glowing if the whole body is not getting enough fluids. Dehydration or inadequate consumption of water have an adverse effect on the skin and are bound to lead to its dryness. It is therefore very important to drink at least eight tall glasses of plain water per day.
Alcohol, smoking and drug abuse have a drying effect on the skin because they dehydrate the body and reduce the oxygen flow to the skin, and they should be avoided.
Moderate exercise, plenty of rest and avoiding stress are other lifestyle factors that should be adopted in order to reduce the dryness of the skin.