Dry skin is a common issue that affects many people. In most cases it is not localized to just one small area and it usually involves the skin all over the body. The skin tends to be drier on hands and feet, on shins, elbows and knees, but also on the face.
Sometimes the dry skin is manifested in form of round patches, which can appear anywhere on the body, including the face. There are many reasons why this happens and the treatment depends on the specific cause.
Causes of round patches of dry skin
Patches of dry skin on the face, small or big, round or in other shapes, can be a symptom of seborrheic dermatitis. Ssseborrheic dermatitis is a form of eczema characterized by patches of red, scaly, dry and itchy skin. The causes for this skin condition may be genetic, environmental, hormonal, related to the immune system or to the nutrition.
Contact dermatitis is another possible cause of round dry patches. It happens due to contact with certain allergens or irritants and usually does not last long.
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin condition with symptoms that include patches or large areas of red, scaly skin. It can be triggered by stress, hormones, smoking, alcohol and many other factors.
Sometimes the reason behind dry patches of skin is something as simple as weather, especially if it is too hot, too cold, very dry or very sunny.
Other possible causes of round patches of dry skin include dehydration, aging, harsh cosmetic products and possibly some skin infections.
Treatment for round patches of dry skin
Whatever the reason is for round patches of dry skin, the basic treatment should consist of proper moisturizing. The skin needs protection and moisture and if it cannot get it from its own resources it becomes dry, itchy, scaly and red. The skin of the entire body should be moisturized with mild, pH neutral and fragrance-free moisturizing lotions and creams. Natural moisturizers, such as shea butter, coconut oil, jojoba oil and olive oil are also great solutions for this problem.
Dry spots and patches can be repaired with vitamin E as well. This powerful antioxidant can be obtained through natural sources or through supplements, and it can also be applied topically.
Some of the good over-the-counter solutions for round patches of dry skin include anti-itching creams and ointments, such as Itch-X and Benadryl. Antihistamines, such as Claritin and Alavert, may be recommended for severe cases.