Menopause is a natural process when menstruation and fertility end. Generally, it affects women approximately at the age of 51. The hormone levels begin to decrease several years before the menopause and the reduced amount of the most important female hormone, estrogen, affects not only ovulation, but also other organs such as bones, skin, heart and liver.
The symptoms of menopause usually include vaginal dryness, irregular menstrual bleeding, absence of menstrual bleeding, hot flashes, sweating during the night, sleeping disorders, mood swings, dry skin, thin hair, weight gaining, especially at the abdominal area, headache and pain in the joints.
Menopause carries some health risks due to the decreased hormone levels. Some of the complications may include heart diseases because of reduced production of estrogen. In order to prevent such diseases, a woman should eat healthy, especially fruits, vegetables and whole grains, stop smoking and exercise moderately. Another complication is osteoporosis which is condition when the bone density is reduced. It causes the bones to break easily so it is important to increase the intake of vitamin D and calcium. Other complications include urinary problems and fat accumulation.
Since menopause is natural process and not an illness, in most cases special treatment will not be necessary. However, if the symptoms are severe, your doctor may suggest treatment for relieving the symptoms and for decreasing the risk of complications. One of the most common medical treatments is hormone therapy when a woman receives low doses of estrogen.
There are a lot of home remedies which are recommended for easing the symptoms of menopause. You should eat plants which have estrogenic substances such as apples, yams, garlic, corn, cucumbers, olives, soybeans, oats, peas and pumpkin, anise, sunflower and sesame seeds.
In order to relieve hot flashes, you can drink eight glasses of distill water and take evening primerose oil three times a day. You can also make a tincture at home. You need two teaspoons of cohosh root tincture, and one teaspoon of tinctures of don quai root, licorice root, chaste tree, sarsaparilla and ginseng root. All the ingredients should be mixed and taken once a day, thee droppers.
If you suffer from really dry skin, you can take two ounces of orange-blossom water and aloe vera gel. You also need one teaspoon of wine vinegar, four drops of sandalwood essential oil, six drops of rose geranium essential oil, one drop of chamomile essential oil and vitamin E oil. Another remedy for dry skin is a crème which include three quarters of an ounce of beeswax, one cup of distill water and vegetable oil, 24 drops of rose geranium essential oil and a little of vitamin E.
For both skin and vaginal dryness obtain 50 micrograms of selenium, ten milligrams of beta-carotene and 2,000 mg of vitamin C. Another home made remedy for dry vagina is a gel which is applied twice a day on the vagina. In order to make the gel, you need two drops of geranium essential oil, one capsule of vitamin E and one ounce of almond oil.