What Is Perimenopause?
Perimenopause is a phase that precedes menopause and it is also known as menstrual transition or climacteric. Changes in woman’s body that take place during perimenopause are caused by shifts in levels of estrogen and progesterone.
Symptoms of perimenopause are related to changes in menstrual cycle. Menstrual cycle becomes irregular and the intervals between periods may become longer or shorter than 28 days. In perimenopause, menstrual bleeding may also change and become lighter or heavier.
In most women menstruation becomes less frequent and gradually stops. When a menstrual bleeding does not occur for a year, a woman has reached menopause. Perimenopause is also accompanied with less frequent ovulations. Women may not ovulate for several months.
Effects of Perimenopause
Hormone fluctuations during perimenopause result in menopause-like symptoms. Perimenopause symptoms include hot flushes, increased perspiration, sleeping problems, mood changes, depression, fatigue, headaches, painful intercourse due to menopause induced vaginal dryness and forgetfulness.
However, not all women experience perimenopausal symptoms of equal severity. Life circumstances and hormonal status of each woman determine the symptoms of perimenopause. Although the production of estrogen by the ovaries gradually decreases in perimenopause, estrogen levels usually remain the same as the hormone is also produced by other body tissues such as fat cells. In fact, some women in perimonopause may experience an increase in estrogen levels.
Emotional and spiritual wellbeing also have an influence on hormonal health. Natural balance within a woman’s body processes can be affected by stress and unresolved issues which finally reflects on her body’s ability to manage changes caused by perimenopause.
Natural Treatment for PerimenopauseFor women who have difficulty in tolerating symptoms of perimenopause adequate treatment is important. Natural treatment can provide symptom relief and promote hormonal balance without the side effects associated with conventional treatment for menopause.
Homeopathic remedies for perimenopause can effectively treat the symptoms. Ferrum phosphoricum is used for hot flushes accompanied with uncontrolled blushing. Belladonna is used for hot flushes that start and end abruptly. Sepia is administered for anxiety and irritability. Sanguinarina is helpful for hot flushes that spread to the face, neck and ears. Kali phosphoricum is given for anxiety, nervousness, depression and hot flushes.
Vitamins can be also helpful in treatment of perimenopause. Evening primrose oil helps to reduce hot flushes and sweating, improves mood and helps the skin. Hot flushes can be successfully relieved with vitamin C with bioflavonoids. Brewers yeast is rich in calcium and helps to prevent bone thinning. Vitamin E is a great antioxidant that helps to alleviate hot flushes and other perimenopause symptoms. Vitamin B complex relieves stress and stimulates circulation and cellular function.