A ganglion cyst is a sort of lump that forms near a joint or a tendon. These cysts are not dangerous since they are benign growths filled with fluid. Moreover, they are not infectious and they do not tend to expand to the other parts of the body.
Even though, the ganglion cysts may be formed besides any joint in our body, in most cases they appear in the wrist. Dorsal ganglion cyst is a ganglion cyst that emerges on the top of a wrist. However, ganglion cysts may also be seen underside of the wrist, for example, in the area from the pulse point to the thumb, or at a finger base.
The first warning sign of wrist ganglion cyst is wrist swelling. Although they are not cancerous, they tend to grow in size. The ganglion cyst forms on the fibrous tissues between the muscles and bones and the fluid in them is alike to the joint fluids. When they grow in size, they make a pressure on the surrounding nerves, thus causing pain. If the one with wrist ganglion cyst does not rest the affected area and uses or moves the affected wrist, the ganglion cyst tends to grow.
Causes of wrist ganglion cysts
Even though the chief cause for the occurrence of ganglion cysts in the wrist is not discovered yet, it is noticed that this condition affects women more than men, and particularly those from 20 to 40 years of age. The constant pressure to the wrist and overuse of computers are some of the possible causes for the incidence of wrist ganglion cysts.
Treatment of wrist ganglion cysts
First of all, the doctor must diagnose the presence and the type of the ganglion cyst in order to give the appropriate treatment to the patient. In the majority of cases, ganglion cysts tend to withdraw alone without any treatment. However, there are also the ganglion cysts that grow in size over time.
One of the treatments of the wrist ganglion cysts includes the immobilization of the wrist. Thus, the pressure on the nerve is reduced and the ganglion cysts may disappear. The fluid from the ganglion cysts can be also removed by the means of an inserted needle through which the fluid is aspirated out. The wrist ganglion cysts may also be removed by a surgery under local anesthesia, when the whole cyst is removed. Once the ganglion cysts are removed, there is possibility that they may recur over time.