Creatine is a skeletal muscle component whose main purposeis to provide the muscles with energy. It was first identifiedin 1832 by a man known by the name of Michel Eugene Chevreul. Creatine can be storedin the human body and the best natural sources of creatine are different sortsof fresh meat. It is important to stress out that no vegetable containscreatine which means that vegetarians can only ingest creatine in the form ofdifferent types of supplements. Creatine can also be found in the human body asone of the vital constituents of proteins. Creatine supplements can be of greathelp when it comes to improving the strength of the muscles, developing thelean muscle mass and increasing the mineral density of the bones as well.
Facts about Creatine
Creatine is very popular among all sorts of athleteseverywhere around the world because it is very efficient in boosting theirperformance. The energy boost can be explained by the process of conversion ofthe molecules of adenosine triphosphate into molecules of adenosine diphosphateand then back to their original state. Creatine gets stored in the human bodyin the form of creatine phosphate and it actually donates the lost adenosinediphosphate molecules so that renewed adenosine triphosphate molecules can begenerated with each usage of adenosine triphosphate reserves. The mitochondrialGAMT catalyzes the biosynthesis of creatine in the pancreas and kidneys and ittriggers the creatine pathway. Another enzyme is required for the biosynthesis ofcreatine in the pancreas and the liver and it is known by the name ofguanidinoacetate N-methyltransferase. The muscular functioning and tone maysometimes be affected and the only reason for that is a genetic deficiency inthe process of creatine biosynthesis pathway. The process of biosynthesisinvolves three different types of essential amino acids and they are glycine,methionine and arginine. Creatine is very efficient in increasing the strength ofmuscles but it can also be used for the treatment of certain medical conditionssuch as muscular dystrophy, mitochondrial diseases, disuse atrophy, congestiveheart failure, arthritis, Parkinson’s disease and various other types ofneurodegenerative diseases and neuromuscular disorders.
Creatine can also be of great help for all those who sufferfrom McArdle’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s Disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.It can also be very efficient in the prevention and treatment of depressivemoods, brain trauma, high concentrations of homocysteine and highconcentrations of blood lipids. The best sources of creatine include red meat,tuna, herring and salmon. Creatine can be purchased as a supplement in the formof tablets, mixes, capsules, energy bars and syrups. Common side effects ofcreatine include dehydration and leg pain.