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Eye swelling causes and treatment

What can cause eye swelling?

A number of various conditions can lead to the problem of swollen eyes, which is the term that is used for swelling around the eye, swelling of the eyeball, and swelling of the eyelid. Which other symptoms and problems will occur depends on the exact part of the eye that is affected, but usually this problem is accompanied by itchiness, redness or even darkening of the swelling, which is particularly common in cases of injury. Since it is said that there are at least 70 possible reasons for eye swelling, here will be mentioned only the most frequent ones.

  • Allergies are among the most common causes, and since histamine is released into our system due to an allergy, people affected often rub their eyes, which leads to releasing even more histamines and which may sometimes cause a very severe swelling.
  • Eye infections, whether bacterial or viral in nature, also cause swelling of the tissue that surrounds eyes and eyelids.
  • Conjunctivitis, which can also be viral or bacterial, is an infection that can be triggered by various allergens, and irritants such as eye drops, ointments and even contact lenses. Besides swelling, other symptoms include itchiness, redness and burning sensation.
  • Blepharitis is related to the eyelids and besides swelling, this inflammation causes itchiness, burning, and feeling that something is within an eye.
  • Styes occur when sebaceous glands are inflamed, and the eye is affected since these glands are located near the base of the eyelids.

Other causes include eye strain, dryness of the eye, cellulitis, and various eyesight disorders.

How can eye swelling be treated?

It is highly recommended to consult an eye specialist if eye swelling persists. In order to conduct any treatment, it is necessary that the doctor set the right diagnosis. It is also necessary to determine the cause, because besides the symptoms, often the underlying cause has to be treated. Medications that can be used include antihistamines, antibiotics, and corticosteroids, since they may reduce itchiness, redness, swelling, and they fight the infections. Besides these medications, if the cause is eye strain or lack of sleep, applying cold compress may help, and it can also help in cases of an injury. Resting eyes may also help if the cause is prolonged reading, watching television, or working at a computer, for example, while saline eye drops may help in cases of dry eyes.

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