Bloating, flatulence and belching
Bloating is the condition that occurs when theexcessive gas accumulates in the stomach or in the intestines. It can also be called flatulence and belching. When the excessive gas builds up, the personusually has a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen and abdomen tends to swell. Inthis case, the person experiences bloating. On the other side, when the person expelsthe excessive gas from the intestine through the anus, it is called flatulence. Furthermore,the person experiences belching when he/she expels the gas from the stomach viathe mouth.
Causes of excessive gas and bloating
Excessive gas in the intestines and the stomach isinduced by several reasons.One of the major causes for the occurrence of bloatingis swallowing of air. It is quite normal to swallow small amounts of air whenwe eat or drink, but when we eat rapidly, smoke, or gulp water, theindigestion of a great amount of gas occurs, thus causing excessive gas build up and bloating. When we swallow air in this manner, it usually does nottravel to the intestine but it is often expelled out from the stomach throughthe mouth. Furthermore, since the oxygen from the swallowed air is absorbed bythe lining of the gut, nitrogen from the air travels to the intestine andcauses flatulence.Excessive gas in the stomach and intestines may alsobe caused by bacteria in the digestive tract. When the carbohydrates are notcompletely digested by digestive enzymes, bacteria assist in the process of makingmethane and carbon dioxide together with hydrogen, which are then ejected out ofthe body through the anus. The gas caused by bacteria is foul smelling since italso contains sulfur.Bloating may also be induced by eating harddigestive foods that are high in fat and cellulose, like beans, onions, applesand sprouts, and many other foods.
Other potential causes for the occurrence ofbloating are gluten and lactose intolerance. It is also regarded thatconstipation and irritable bowel syndrome are also responsible for theincidence of accumulation of a large amount of gas in the stomach and theintestines.
Symptoms of excessive gas and bloating
The presence of great amounts of gas in theintestines and the stomach is manifested through several symptoms. The personwith this disorder may experience abdominal swelling, pain in the abdomen and diarrheaor constipation. Moreover, belching and flatulence which are excessive are alsothe symptoms of bloating.