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Dental bone loss

Dental bone loss is a condition which affects the jaw bone and features with its weakening and loss of teeth. The condition must be diagnosed in an early stage since only this way the loss of teeth can be prevented. There are many factors which contribute to dental bone loss and due to which the jaw bone begins to recede. 

Causes of Dental Bone Loss

Gum disease is a problem which, if left untreated, may eventually initiate the process of dental bone loss. The inflammation of gums may be acute and chronic. Chronic form of gum disease requires proper treatment since it eventually leads to damage of the nearby tissues including the jaw bone. A periodontitist may be so aggressive that in later stages it can induce loss of teeth and is accompanied by many unpleasant symptoms such as pain, bleeding from gums and halitosis. Loss of teeth is caused either by prolonged inflammation of the gums or due to loss of jaw bone. 

Tooth infections are also significant contributors to dental bone loss. Namely, the problem starts with tooth decay which can be easily dealt with. However, not all the people have their teeth repaired on time. The process tends to progress and the bacteria may affect surrounding tissue including the tooth nerves and the jaw bone. In severe cases infection may cause inflammation of the jaw bone and consequent dental bone loss. 

In root canal treatment dentists try to save decaying tooth. The infected tissue is removed and the hole in the tooth is replaced with suitable filling. However, the treatment is not always successful and some of the patients end up with chronic infection of periodontal tissues and infection of the jaw bone. 

After tooth extraction there is a chance of improper healing which consequently induces dental bone loss. 

The risk of dental bone loss is increased in elderly people, those with poor oral hygiene, patients with uncontrolled diabetes, patients suffering from osteoporosis etc. 

Early Symptoms of Dental Bone Loss

In early stage of dental bone loss the symptoms or signs usually do not occur but there are certain changes of the nearby tissues which may point to the onset of dental bone loss. They include redness and swelling of the gums, receding gum line, the presence of deep pockets between the adjacent teeth, halitosis and loosening of teeth in the sockets. 

Treatment for Dental Bone Loss

Once the process has started the tissues that have been damaged and lost simply cannot be restored. So the only goal of treatment is to reduce and/ or prevent further dental bone loss. It is essential to treat periodontal disease, gums infections and inflammation as well as all conditions which are related to teeth in order to prevent or stop the process of dental bone loss. If there are inflammatory processes caused by bacteria patients are administered antibiotics. Oral hygiene must be impeccable and dental plaque must be removed regularly. 

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