A tooth abscess is a pus that gets enclosed in the tissuesfound in the jaw bone which are located at the tip of a tooth that gotinfected. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection that gets accumulatedin the soft pulp of the particular tooth. Abscess is usually the result of acracked tooth, untreated tooth decay or perhaps extensive periodontal diseaseand it commonly originates from dead tissue of the tooth pulp. It can also betriggered by a failed or an improper treatment of a root canal.
Bacteria thatenter the tooth filling usually multiply and develop a tooth abscess and a pustaste. There are three different types of dental abscess. The first one is thegingival abscess which is characterized by only involving the gums and it doesnot affect the periodontal ligament or the teeth. Periapical abscess ischaracterized by starting in the dental pulp exclusively. The periodontalabscess gets developed in the structures and bones that support the teeth.
Complications and Symptoms
Complications of a tooth abscess are actually complicationof tooth decay and are most commonly characterized by small balls of pus thatare surrounded by a tissue that has been inflamed. Pus is a creamy consistencywith a characteristic pale yellow color and it consists of white blood cells, liquefieddead tissue and dead and live bacteria.
A chipped, broken or a decayed toothhas openings in its enamel which allows the bacteria to infect its center. Theinfection may be spread to the root and the supporting bones so it is of utmostimportance to treat the infection on time. Smaller abscesses are also easier totreat than the large and faster growing ones. Dead tooth is also one of themost common causes of tooth abscesses. A tooth abscess is usually characterizedby certain symptoms which commonly include swollen tooth, painful chewing,toothache, fever, loss of appetite, dental pain, and face swelling on the sideof the particular problematic tooth.
Tooth abscess complications are actuallysecondary conditions of tooth abscesses and their symptoms usually includetooth loss, jawbone damage, infection being spread to the soft tissue and otherareas of the body. Other severe symptoms may include heart damage, coma andsometimes even death. Certain other tooth abscess complications may includesinus infection, sinus inflammation and actinomycosis. Dental abscesses may alsolead to a deep neck infection which may even be fatal in certain cases.