In case a person is under an extremely intensive and hacking cough accompanied by pain in the chest that just seems to last forever and makes it unbearably difficult for you to get a proper night’s sleep, turning to numerous over-the-counter medications such as the cough drops and syrups is probably the first thing that the person will do. But the big question is - What to do once all these conventional treatment methods fail? Well, the most logic, though to many not the most appealing answers, would be visiting a doctor as soon as possible. Once there, a person will go through all the usual examination and in the end, in the greatest majority of cases, a particular syrup is prescribed, but the one unlike those previously relied on. This syrup is strengthened with a substance called codeine and is among those considered to be the most effective in preventing deterioration and treating the cough that haunts the person in question.
This substance belongs to the category of analgesic narcotics, which have the ability to alleviate pain ranging from mild to moderate. The substance in question was introduced to the general public all the way back in 1932, when a French chemist named Pierre-Jean Robiquet managed to extract it from opium. Unlike in 1932, codeine is today made synthetically. When taken in the form of tablets and alone, it is referred to as the Schedule II Drug; when combined in tablets together with the analgesics like ibuprofen/aspirin, it is referred to as the Schedule III Drug; and it is referred to as the Schedule V Drug in those cases when it is employed in a preparation of liquids. Having the modes of employment in mind, the substance in question may be taken in two ways – orally and injected intramuscularly. One extremely important piece of information is that, when used intravenously, this substance is extremely harmful. When taken orally, codeine becomes absorbed by ways of gastro-intestinal tract, and travels afterwards through the liver, losing only but a little on its effect. Once it finds itself in the brain of a person, it gets transformed into morphine. This way it suppresses the cough center and decreases the coughing rate. Due to its general properties, the codeine based syrup is prescribed only when non-productive cough is present.
- Blurred/double vision
- Mild sweating and flushing
- Respiratory arrest
Since, it can be extremely harmful for a person and his/her overall health, it should not be taken in case a person is allergic to any specific ingredient of this syrup, in case the person is suffering from severe drowsiness, if fever or productive cough are present, if a woman is pregnant.