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Introduction

All surgical procedures have potential complications butwhen it comes to the termination of a pregnancy, every 100th woman willexperience some complications caused by the procedure. The minor complicationsare usually more likely to occur than the serious ones.

Complications

One of the most common complications of termination ofpregnancy is excessive bleeding which may occur during the procedure and itusually does not require hospitalization. If the bleeding continues after thesurgical procedure, only the severe cases may require immediate medicalattention. Sometimes not all the pregnancy tissue gets removed completelyduring the operation and if that occurs it usually causes cramping pain and avery heavy vaginal bleeding. This type of complication requires a repeatedsuction of the uterus in most cases. Sometimes, a uterus infection can betriggered following the termination of pregnancy.

Rare cases have also includedan infection of the tubes. The infection is usually characterized by highfever, vaginal discharge and abdominal pain. If the infection gets treated ontime it should not affect the future fertility. Sometimes the instruments thatare used for the procedure can perforate the wall of the uterus and cause asmall hole. Sometimes it requires hospitalization and in rare cases it needs tobe repaired by another surgical procedure. Sometimes the procedures done in theearly stages of pregnancy may be unsuccessful in removing the pregnancy. If thesymptoms of pregnancy continue for more than a week after the procedure one shouldseek immediate medical attention. Sometimes a pregnancy grows in the tube andnot in the uterus and in that case there is no pregnancy tissue at thetermination. The process of termination is necessary if the pregnancy is in thetube.

Sometimes the cervix can get severely damaged and thecondition is medically referred to as cervical trauma. Certain patients mayexperience adverse, long term psychological problems after the termination ofpregnancy. Negative emotions are quite common among all patients after theabortion and they usually reflect the symptoms which were already presentbefore the procedure.

Some studies have associated the abortion with the risk ofbreast cancer, premature delivery and future infertility but none of themconfirmed the association of these conditions with the termination ofpregnancy. Some other complications of the procedure include allergic reactionsto intravenous and local anesthetics. Patients who have an intravenous anestheticmust not eat or drink anything six hours before the appointment.

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