The large intestine is alsowell-known under the names colon and bowel. It is a long tube that is a part ofthe digestive tract. Many problems of colon, such as cancer, chronic diseasesperforations and blockages, can be solved by some colon surgeries. There arealso cases when some patients decide to undergo a colon surgery in order toprevent future potential colon cancer. The type of the surgery depends onwhich part of colon it must be performed, because the bowel is consisted ofthree parts. These sections of the colon are the right or ascending colon, thetransverse in central area of abdomen, and the left or descending colon.
What is Hemicolectomy?
Hemicolectomy is a type of surgerythat removes either left or right side of the colon. The right hemicolectomyincludes first the removing of half of the bowel and then connecting theremaining part with the small intestine. This procedure of attaching is knownunder the name anastamosis. Laparoscopy is a colon surgery techniquethat enables the patients to recover very fast. Laparoscopic procedure is a minimallyinvasive procedure, because the surgeons make only small incision through whichcanulas enter the body and then the operation is performed through this small incision.
Complications of right hemicolectomy
The right hemicolectomy can causesome complications, such as infection of the wound that causes pain, and swelling or redness of the region around the wound. To treat this condition, thedoctors usually prescribe some antibiotics. Furthermore, ileus can occur, which is actually a delayed return to normal gut function. In this case, intravenous nutritionis necessary. Moreover, bleeding, colon damage andblood clots may appear as the complications of right hemicolectomy. Pulmonary embolismis a disorder that occurs if the clots from the leg spread to the lungs. The herniathrough the wound and leakage at the site of joining of small and large intestine arealso some of the complications that are common for this type of colon surgery. Chestinfections, especially in smokers, and venous thrombosis are very frequentas well.
After the right hemicolectomy, therecovery usually lasts several days. In the beginning, slight bleeding can occurand it is normal. Some patients must change their diet in order to regulate theirbowel movement. They first start to drink and then take a light diet. If theydo this successfully, then intravenous drips and catheters are not necessary anymore and can be removed. After this, the patients are encouraged gradually tosit up and then to walk shortly.