The large intestine is also well-known under the names colon and bowel. It is a long tube that is a part of the digestive tract. Many problems of colon, such as cancer, chronic diseases perforations and blockages, can be solved by some colon surgeries. There are also cases when some patients decide to undergo a colon surgery in order to prevent future potential colon cancer. The type of the surgery depends on which part of colon it must be performed, because the bowel is consisted of three parts. These sections of the colon are the right or ascending colon, the transverse in central area of abdomen, and the left or descending colon.
What is Hemicolectomy?
Hemicolectomy is a type of surgery that removes either left or right side of the colon. The right hemicolectomy includes first the removing of half of the bowel and then connecting the remaining part with the small intestine. This procedure of attaching is known under the name anastamosis. Laparoscopy is a colon surgery technique that enables the patients to recover very fast. Laparoscopic procedure is a minimally invasive procedure, because the surgeons make only small incision through which canulas enter the body and then the operation is performed through this small incision.
Complications of right hemicolectomy
The right hemicolectomy can cause some complications, such as infection of the wound that causes pain, and swelling or redness of the region around the wound. To treat this condition, the doctors usually prescribe some antibiotics. Furthermore, ileus can occur, which is actually a delayed return to normal gut function. In this case, intravenous nutrition is necessary. Moreover, bleeding, colon damage and blood clots may appear as the complications of right hemicolectomy. Pulmonary embolism is a disorder that occurs if the clots from the leg spread to the lungs. The hernia through the wound and leakage at the site of joining of small and large intestine are also some of the complications that are common for this type of colon surgery. Chest infections, especially in smokers, and venous thrombosis are very frequent as well.
After the right hemicolectomy, the recovery usually lasts several days. In the beginning, slight bleeding can occur and it is normal. Some patients must change their diet in order to regulate their bowel movement. They first start to drink and then take a light diet. If they do this successfully, then intravenous drips and catheters are not necessary any more and can be removed. After this, the patients are encouraged gradually to sit up and then to walk shortly.