Cystitis or inflammation of the bladder is a quite frequent condition that may develop in people of all ages. The condition affects both genders but is still more distributed among women due to the anatomical characteristics of their urinary tract.
The inflammation typically leads to an urgent and frequent need to urinate and pain/stinging when passing urine. Irritation and inflammation of the bladder may be triggered by many infective agents (predominantly bacteria) as well as some other factors such as radiation therapy. As for infections caused by bacteria, it is essential to timely initiate the treatment with antibiotics and prevent further spread of microorganisms into the upper parts of the urinary track.
Cystitis in Men Causes
Even though cystitis is not so common among men, they can still develop the condition.
In such case the infection is frequently connected with already existing infection of the prostate gland (prostatitis) or develops as a consequence of some obstruction in the urinary tract. The obstruction may be caused by enlarged prostate or the presence of stones in some parts of the urinary tract (stones that originate from kidneys and have moved to lower parts of the urinary tract). Obstruction of the urinary tract is also possible if there are some tumors (both benign and malignant).
It is estimated that cystitis affects more sexually active men (particularly sexually active gay men). The condition is generally not life-threatening and with proper treatment symptoms of inflammation soon subside.
Cystitis in Men Symptoms
Symptoms of cystitis in men are actually the same as those in women suffering from cystitis.
The inflammation of the bladder is basically accompanied by pain, burning sensation and stinging while passing urine. Furthermore, there is need to urinate frequently which occurs even when there is no urine inside the bladder.
The urine contains bacteria, may be dark, cloudy and have a strong odor. It is not unusual if there is blood in the urine. Pain located to the lower back usually points that infection has spread to the kidneys.
All patients feel unwell, weak and exhausted.
Cystitis in Men Treatment and Prognosis
Infection caused by bacteria is easily eradicated with potent antibiotic. It is essential to finish the entire course of these medications and prevent eventual recurrence of the infection. If there is obstruction of any kind, it requires conservative or surgical approach depending on the underlying cause of the obstruction.
Cystitis in men does not last longer than 4-9 days. Apart from being treated conservatively or surgically, patients are advised to drink plenty of fluids and are many times prescribed pain killers and anti-inflammatory drugs such as paracetamol and ibuprofen.
Recurrent infections require more complex approach and individualized treatments.