This is a surgery that is preformed if the problem of the gallbladder is present. It involves the removal of the mentioned organ. The liver is responsible for the manufacture of bile, which is a digestive juice, and this bile should gather in the gallbladder. But, there are problems that can cause improper flow of the bile due to a blockage present in the gallbladder. If this is present, a person will experience pain in the abdomen region. But, cholecystectomy is a procedure considered to be the last resort and it is usually done only if other treatment methods have proved to be unfruitful. Open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy are two types of this procedure that can be done. The more traditional option is the open surgery, but it involves much longer recovery and this is one of the main reasons why doctors rarely perform it. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a procedure that involves less recovery time and it is considered generally safer.
First we will talk about the side effects of the laparoscopic type. One of the side effects is the abdominal pain, which is quite common side effects and it can stay for few days. It is caused by the shift of abdominal cavity, which produces bruising. This pain is serious and it can aggravate. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy involves small camera inserted thought a tiny incision. During this, anesthesia is used, which can cause some problems after the surgery. They are sore throat, fever, headache, loss of muscle control, muscle weakness, fatigue and thirst. This surgery can cause upset stomach, which leads to diarrhea. It can also cause constipation, vomiting and nausea. This is a result of the bile having nowhere to go and it causes irritation. In these situations, it is best to eat food rich in fiber, such as pasta and brown rice.
Now we will focus on the side effects associated with open surgery. During this surgery, the bile duct can become damaged and this can lead to the liver damage and bile leakage. Also, the gallbladder can be split and dropped into the abdominal cavity, but this is something that happens very rarely. The fistula debris can cause some obstruction and this problem requires abdominal surgery, which will pump the carbon dioxide. This may lead to the gas release in the body and bloating can be felt due to this. Pneumonia, infection, blood clots, bleeding and several other side effects are possible. It is important to educate yourself before deciding on the surgery. Learn about the risks and complications and the ways in which you can avoid them. Some of the ways include proper diet and post-surgery.