Gall bladder is a sack located in your abdomen, on the left side of your stomach. Function of the gall bladder is to holds liver product digestive concentrate fluid called bile which function is to digests the food by braking down fats and other food ingredients in your intestines into the small pieces.
Gallstones are formed when parts of cholesterol are left behind in your gallbladder. Gallbladder surgery called laparoscopic cholecystectomy, in which case gall bladder is removed completely is sometimes performed. This surgical procedure is considered to be effective and safe.
Laparoscopic surgery for gallstones is performed by making one or several small incisions to your stomach. Than surgeon insert trough that incision laparoscope, surgical instrument that is equipped with small light and video camera in order to see more clearly inside of your gall bladder. After that, surgeon makes other incisions inside your stomach to remove gallbladder. General anesthesia is applied and it last fro approximately two hours.
Before any surgical procedure, your doctor will carefully examine you and order X ray procedure called intraoperative cholangiography just to be sure that surgical procedure is really necessary.
After surgery symptoms
After the laparoscopic gallbladder surgery, you may fell a little dizzy from general anesthesia, have some pain in your stomach on places of incisions possible diarrhea, lose of appetite, nausea or minor inflammation or drainage on places where incisions are made. Most people return to normal activities after 7-10 days and all discomfort and soreness disappear after couple of weeks.
Complications of the laparoscopic gallstones surgery
Risks of laparoscopic gallstones surgery are considered to be very low. But there are several possible laparoscopic gallstones surgery complications and side effects. Truth is that most patients do not have any problems after surgery, and with good postoperative medical care and healthy diet the lead normal lives. But just to be on the safe side here is a list of few possible side effects and complications in gallbladder surgery;
- Injury to the cystic dust, which carries the bile from gallbladder
- The liver being cut
- A one or more gallstones being pushed into common bile duct
- Gallstones remain in the abdominal cavity
- Bile that leaks into abdominal cavity
- Rare but possible injury to the abdominal blood vessels, such as hepatic artery (main artery that carries blood from heart to liver)
- Injury to common bile duct
- Injury to the small intestines by some of the instruments used in surgery
- Usual risks of general anesthesia
- Internal bleeding
- Infection of an incision
Some of these complications are potentially dangerous and may require additional surgical procedures. Also after surgery, you may fell bloating, gas, pain or diarrhea.