Laparoscopic gallbladder removal is a very safe procedure. It is the preferred method for treating this condition. Laparoscopic interventions provide many advantages over open surgery. First of all, the laparoscopic surgery causes much less discomfort due to the fact that the incisions are smaller and thus quicker to heal. The recovery time is notably shorter as well as return to full functionality. Internal scarring is also a lesser risk when it comes to this type of procedure.
However, a laparoscopic procedure performed on the bile duct is rarely conducted by a biliary surgeon. This is due to the high technical requirements of this method. The bile duct can be found in the abdomen which makes for a long and large incision. This incision is considered to be the main cause of discomfort in the recovery phase. The recovery itself can last as long as 12 weeks. In most patients, hospitalization is also advisable.
This procedure requires expertise in advanced laparoscopic techniques as well as complex biliary procedures. These are usually performed in centers specialized for laparoscopic methodology, with a focus on issues pertaining to the gallbladder.
Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration is a process that removes stones in the bile duct. Patients suffering from gallstones may have smaller stones that pass from the gallbladder into the bile duct. These can cause obstructions leading to the development of jaundice and pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas). In this case, the gallbladder will have to be removed so as to treat the condition.
Many patients experience a case of spontaneous excretion of the stone into the intestine. This may require for some additional removal interventions in addition to the gallbladder operation.
A laparoscopic bile duct bypass treats the condition where the bile drainage is blocked causing bile accumulation in the blood. A common complication resulting from this condition is jaundice. An inflammation of chronic pancreatitis can result in narrowing of the lower bile duct. A surgical bypass procedure can be applied to treat this condition, restoring the normal bile flow.
Another condition pertaining to this area is the appearance of choledocal cysts. This is caused by abnormal dilatation of the bile duct. This can again develop into jaundice, pancreatitis and cancer if untreated. Experts recommend an immediate removal of the cyst. After the procedure, the bile duct is sutured to the intestine. This restores the normal bile flow. A laparoscopic procedure can also be applied to remove the cyst.