The female reproductive system is a very complex system, as well as the reproductive process itself. The menstrual cycle is very important for every woman. It starts with the onset of puberty and ends when a woman enters menopause. It is regarded that the most important stage of a woman’s menstrual cycle is ovulation, which occurs every month when an ovary releases the egg into the fallopian tube in order to be fertilized by a spermatozoid. Every woman should know when she is ovulating since it is the period when her chances to conceive the pregnancy are the highest. Therefore, it is very important for every woman to know the exact time of ovulation if she plans to stay pregnant, or if she wants to prevent pregnancy.
In women who have regular menstrual periods, ovulation occurs on the 14th day in a 28 day menstrual period. A woman should start counting from the first day of her period and the ovulation usually happens between the 14th and 16th day. On the other side, in women with irregular menstrual cycle, ovulation may occur between the 8th and 20th day of the menstrual period.
Chances of conceiving pregnancy during ovulation
If a woman wants to get pregnant, she should have sexual intercourse in the time of ovulation since in this period the egg is released into the fallopian tube and is ready for fertilization. Therefore, the chances for a woman to get pregnant are very high when she ovulates. The ovulation usually lasts about two days. Actually, the egg stays in the fallopian tube for 12 to 48 hours. During this period, the hormones progesterone and estrogen are produced by ovaries since they are very important for the conception and for pregnancy. Furthermore, the lining of the uterus thickens since it prepares itself to receive the fertilized egg. If the egg is fertilized by a spermatozoid, it implants itself in the wall of the uterus. Otherwise, it disintegrates and along with the uterus lining is ejected from the body through the menstruation.
Every woman should know that the conception cannot occur before ovulation, but the sperm can live for two or three days in the body of a woman. Therefore, the fertile period is not limited to just one day. To conclude, the highest chances for a woman to stay pregnant are during ovulation. However, she may stay pregnant if she has an intercourse the three days before ovulation and during the two days after the ovulation, although the chances are not very high.