Birth control pills are a very effective contraceptive method in women and they are, therefore, widely used. However, before starting to use any specific contraceptive pill, a doctor should be consulted because it is not so simple to choose the right pills. This type of pills can interact with certain other medicines and they also may have several negative effects on the health of a woman.
When a woman decides to use birth control pills as a preventive measure from conceiving the pregnancy for the first time, she should be well informed about the working of the pills, about their adverse effects and how they should be used in order to be effective.
How does a contraceptive pill work?
We know that every month the women ovulate when the mature eggs are let free from the ovaries. The egg goes to the fallopian tube and waits a sperm as to be fertilized. Ovulation in women with normal menstrual cycle occurs on the fourteenth day of the menstrual cycle. In this time, the women are most fertile.
Contraceptive pills contain synthetic hormones which prevent the ovaries to produce and release the eggs so that there is noting to be fertilized and the woman cannot stay pregnant. But the working of the contraceptive pills does not stop here. If the pill’s hormones did not work properly in preventing the formation and release of the eggs, and if an egg was fertilized after all, the pill then works on the cervix and wall of the uterus. The hormones of the pill make the cervix thicker than before, while the endometrium becomes thinner due to these hormones. In such state of cervix and endometrium, the egg cannot be implanted normally, and early abortion occurs.
Using the contraceptive pill for the first time
When a woman begins to take this way of protection from unwanted pregnancy, she should also use certain additional contraceptive methods until her body gets used to the contraceptive pill.
It is recommended to take the first birth control pill on the first day of menstruation on the first Sunday after the menstruation. Every day just one pill should be taken, and it is advisable to take it always at the same time of the day. While some packs of contraceptive pills have only 21 active pills, there are also those that contain 28 pills. These packs of 28 pills consist of 21 active pills and 7 inactive pills. The women will soon discover that they get their menstruation when they are on these inactive pills.