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Low blood pressure or hypotension

Hypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure, or more precisely, for blood pressure in which the top number is 90 mm Hg or less, and the bottom number is 60 mm Hg or less. It is a fact that the majority of people suffers from high blood pressure, which is why they do all they can in order to lower it, but low blood pressure can cause serious problems, as well.

On the other side, even though in the majority of the cases it is not serious, sometimes it can be the sign of some more or less serious health condition. Problems that people suffering from hypotension may feel are dizziness, lack of concentration, nausea, increased thirst, blurred vision, shallow breathing and fatigue. If they are felt rather frequently, the doctor should be consulted, because sometimes it may be necessary to monitor it for a particular period of time.

As for the causes, first of all, sometimes blood pressure may vary without any particular reason. On the other side, stress, medications such as diuretics, beta blockers or antidepressants, or even the time of the day may affect it. Regarding conditions that may influence it, various problems with heart or endocrine system are among the most common ones, but low blood sugar level, diabetes, pregnancy, dehydration, internal bleeding, and some severe infections or allergic reactions may lower the blood pressure, too.

Low blood pressure in elderly and the main causes

Even though hypotension occurs regardless of age or sex, it is a fact that with age, people become more prone to this condition. For example, those who are older than 65 are much more prone to the drop of the blood pressure after standing up, or after eating. Besides this, according to the results of numerous studies that have been conducted, it has been concluded that, when it comes to elderly people, there is a connection between low blood pressure and conditions such as angina and myocardial infraction, as well as there has been found a connection between hypotension and people with low BMI, or those who use hypotensive drugs. Also, in elderly people, diseases among which is also Parkinson’s disease, make people more prone to the development of low blood pressure.

The treatment of low blood pressure consists of increased use of salt and drinking more water, though in some cases, the medications are recommended, too. It all depends on the cause and the symptoms, and the doctor is the one who will suggest the best possible solution to this problem.

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