What is Gout?Uric acid is a normal constituent of the blood. However, difficulties appear when amount of uric acid exceeds the normal natural limit of 0.4 mmol / l. This condition is described as Hyperuricemia.
These circumstances cause urate crystals delaying in joints and around the joints, causing inflammation with swelling, redness and pain. Most often toe is affected, but other joints, knees for example, may be affected too. This disorder is known as gout.
The same process may happen in the kidneys, with the formation of stones, or in other organs.
This disorder is usually caused by inherited defects at the level of genes resulting in the increased creation of urate. Also, renal diseases and disorders of Haematopoietic system, which by increased urate generation or their reduced secretion cause Hyperuricemia.
Gout often occurs due to excessive food intake rich in purines and the consumption of alcohol which increase urate level in the blood.
Gout DietThe best diet for gout assumes nutrition without purines, avoidance of alcohol, increased intake of fluids - at least 3 l per day, reducing excessive body weight, alkalization of urine by taking baking soda, etc. If all this is not enough, you should use drugs to block the creation of purines and accelerate the excretion of uric acid through the kidneys.
For arthritis pain accompanied by swelling, different anti-inflammatory agents, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed.
Foods that are RecommendedIt is advisable to use lean meat or fish in the amount of 150 g per day.
Milk products such as milk, yogurt, sour milk, cottage cheese, mozzarella, trappist cheese, butter and other half-fat cheeses are allowed.
All kinds of root vegetables - carrot, beet, turnip, radish, green leafy vegetables are recommended in the case of gout.
Person who suffers from gout can eat all kinds of fruit without any consequences.
As for cereals it is recommended to have 150 g of white bread, 150 g pasta, rice or boiled potatoes a day.
Vegetable oil, honey or sugar should be consumed in small quantities up to 50 grams daily.
Foods to AvoidAll offal (liver, brain, kidneys, and heart), sardines, anchovies and similar fish, salamis, sausages and other meat products with pepper should be completely excluded from use.
As for dairy products, full-fat cheeses are not recommended.
Vegetables such as mushrooms, all legumes (peas, beans, lentils, broad beans) spinach, cauliflower and asparagus may have detrimental effect on patients suffering from gout.
Brown bread, corn and rye bread, polenta, corn meal are foodstuffs that are not recommended in the case of gout.
Fats, cakes and other sweets are strictly prohibited, such as alcoholic beverages because they can cause gout attack. Attack is usually indicated by red wines, champagne, beer and liqueurs.
For people who suffer from gout is advisable to drink 1.5 to 3 l of fluid (water, mineral water or tea) per day.